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Antrodia camphorata is a unique mushroom of Taiwan, which has been used as a traditional medicine for protection of diverse health-related conditions. In an effort to translate this Eastern medicine into Western-accepted therapy, a great deal of work has been carried out on A. camphorata. This review discusses the biological activities of the crude extracts(More)
The antioxidant (DPPH radical and superoxide anion scavenging activities), and cytotoxic (in tumor, Jurkat, PC-3, Colon 205, HepG2, and normal PBMCs cells) activities of 16 plant phenolic or related compounds were evaluated in vitro. Different categories compounds corresponding to 10 flavonoids, three lignans, two phenolic acids, and a catechin showed(More)
Herbal medicines are now attracting attention as potential sources of anticancer agents. Andrographis paniculata is a traditionally used anticancer herb in Indian and Chinese herbal medicine. Phytochemical investigation of the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of this herb resulted in the isolation of 14 compounds including flavonoids and labdane(More)
We investigated the effects of antcin A, antcin C, and methyl antcinate A (MAA) isolated from Antrodia camphorata on the proliferation of human liver cancer cell lines Huh7, HepG2, and Hep3B and the normal cell rat hepatocytes. The three compounds selectively inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells rather than normal cells, with IC(50) values ranging from(More)
An ergostane type triterpenoid methylantcinate A (MAA) isolated from the fruiting bodies of Antrodia camphorata inhibited the growth of oral cancer cell lines OEC-M1 and OC-2 in a dose-dependent manner, without cytotoxic to normal oral gingival fibroblast cells. The major mechanism of growth inhibition was apoptosis induction, as shown by flow cytometric(More)
The PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway is considered to be an attractive target for the development of novel anticancer molecules. This paper reports for the first time that a small molecule, antrocin (MW = 234), from Antrodia camphorata was a potent antagonist in various cancer types, being highest in metastatic breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells (MMCs) with an IC(50)(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Helicobacter pylori is linked to a majority of peptic ulcers and to some types of gastric cancer, and its resistance to antibiotic treatment is now found worldwide. This study is aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial activity of Phyllanthus urinaria Linnea (Euphorbiaceae), chloroform (PUC) and methanol (PUM) extracts, and its eight isolates(More)
Ovatodiolide was a unique macrocyclic diterpenoid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Anisomeles indica. The present study attempted to examine the ovatodiolide effects on dendritic cell (DC) maturation and immuno-stimulatory activities. The effects of ovatodiolide on DC surface molecule expression, cytokine production, and capacity to(More)
A variety of sulfone derivatives including three dimethyl arylsulfonyl malonates (1-3), two bis-(arylethenesulfonyl)-vinyl benzenes (4 and 5) and a sulfone triazole (6) were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory as well as tumor cells growth inhibitory activities in vitro. The sulfone derivatives 1, 2, 3 and 6 significantly and dose-dependently inhibited(More)
Andrographis lineata is an herbal medicinal plant used in traditional medicine as a substitute for Andrographis paniculata. Here, using mature leaf explants of A. lineata we demonstrate for the first time the callus induction established on MS medium containing 1.0 mg l-1 IAA. Dried callus was subjected to solvent extraction with acetone. Further the(More)