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Sixteen Holstein cows in midlactation were randomly assigned to treatments in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square. Two levels of CP (16.1 vs. 18.8%) with or without supplemental methionine (0.07 g/100 g of DM) were tested in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Dry matter intake, milk production, milk composition, and N excretion were determined. No(More)
The effect of almonds as part of a low saturated fat, low cholesterol, high-fiber diet was studied in 26 adults (13 men, 13 women). The baseline diet was modified in a similar way for all subjects by limiting meat, fatty fish, high-fat milk products, eggs, and saturated fat. Grains, beans, vegetables, fruit, and low-fat milk products were the foundation of(More)
Radioimmunoassayable gastric inhibitory polypeptide was measured in extracts of canine antrum, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. The highest GIP concentrations were found in the duodenum (347 +/- 53 ng/g) and jejunum (300 +/- 68 ng/g). An immunochemical similarity was demonstrable between porcine GIP and canine GIP. Dogs prepared with Mann Bollman fistulae were(More)
To evaluate the role of NADPH oxidase-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in multiple sclerosis pathogenesis, we examined the effects of apocynin, an NADPH oxidase assembly inhibitor, on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). EAE was induced by immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG (35-55)) in C57BL/6 female(More)
Cellular material retained on screens used to filter aspirated bone marrow for future autologous marrow transplantation was studied using long-term culture techniques in 20 consecutive patients. All patients had marrow aspirate and biopsy specimens that were normal histologically. Cultures from five patients grew malignant cells similar to those of the(More)
The nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is required for pro-inflammatory effects of TNFα. Our previous studies demonstrated that PARP-1 mediates TNFα-induced NF-κB activation in glia. Here, we evaluated the mechanisms by which TNFα activates PARP-1 and PARP-1 mediates NF-κB activation. Primary cultures of mouse cortical astrocytes and(More)
Streptomycin and chloramphenicol were entrapped within large neutral or anionic unilamellar vesicles of egg phosphatidylcholine prepared by an ether injection method. Both antibiotics in liposomal form were inactive against Escherichia coli in a simple tube dilution assay. A comparison was made of the activities of the free and liposomal forms of the(More)
A simple model of intracellular bacterial infection based on the ability of the macrophage cell line J774.2 to phagocytose Escherichia coli in a reproducible manner is described. Viable counting of intracellular bacteria and microscopic examination of infected macrophage cultures after treatment with fluorescent E. coli antibody showed that the bacteria(More)
Unilamellar egg phosphatidylcholine/cholesterol liposomes containing carboxyfluorescein were prepared by an ether injection method. The ability of cells of the J774.2 murine macrophage cell line to incorporate the liposomal fluorophore during incubation at 37 degrees C was measured by flow microfluorimetry. Liposomes incorporating additional(More)