Mack L. Cheney

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Alternatives to autografts have long been sought for use in bridging neural gaps. Many entubulation materials have been studied, although with generally disappointing results in comparison with autografts. The purpose of this study was to design a more effective neural guidance conduit, to introduce Schwann cells into the conduit, and to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE A devastating sequela of facial paralysis is the inability to close the eye. The resulting loss of corneal protection can potentially lead to severe consequences. Eyelid weight placement, lower eyelid suspension, and brow ptosis correction are frequently performed to protect the eye. We sought to measure and report the change in quality of life(More)
Assessment of functional recovery following any peripheral nerve manipulation is critical. While quantitative neurobehavioral testing has been developed in the anesthesia literature for the assessment of neural function, the surgical literature relies mainly on walking track analysis for evaluation of motor recovery. The latter method is both cumbersome to(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the neurovascular relationships in the temporoparietal fascial flap and to access its possible use as a sensate free of a pedicled flap. DESIGN Anatomic dissections (gross) and examinations (histologic) were performed on 10 fresh cadaver heads. SETTING Academic tertiary care facility, Boston, Mass. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES To(More)
A method to fabricate porous, biodegradable conduits using a combined injection molding, thermally induced phase transition technique was developed which produced conduits with dimensionally toleranced, longitudinally aligned channels. The geometry of the channels was designed to approximate the architecture of peripheral nerves and to support the monolayer(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS A wide variety of substances have been shown to promote neuritic extension after nerve injury. An obstacle to achieving the maximal benefit from these substances has been the difficulty in effectively delivering the substances over a protracted time course that promotes maximal, directed growth. In this study the delivery of a(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the ability of facial reanimation techniques to introduce meaningful movement to the paralyzed face, dynamic methods do not address all zones of the face. Our objective was to retrospectively review outcomes after multimodality management of the patient with facial paralysis, to describe several novel surgical methods that introduce(More)
BACKGROUND Free muscle transfer for facial reanimation has become the standard of care in recent decades and is now the cornerstone intervention for dynamic smile reanimation. We sought to quantify smile excursion and quality-of-life (QOL) changes in our pediatric free gracilis recipients following reanimation. METHODS We quantified gracilis muscle(More)
OBJECTIVES To systematically record rat facial nerve recovery following crush injury to the main trunk with respect to ocular and vibrissial function and to compare the rates of facial and sciatic nerve recovery from crush injury in the same animals. This serves as a means of validating the functional parameters of facial nerve recovery against the(More)
Twelve patients with involuntary synkinetic eyelid closure were given 40 injections of botulinum A toxin. Temporary improvement in involuntary eyelid closure was observed in all 12 patients. Eleven of the 12 patients desired repeated injections. Dose requirements for this indication were compared with doses used in 697 injections in 112 patients with(More)