Maciej Gasior

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Neuroactive steroids are a novel class of positive allosteric modulators of the GABAA receptor. Although neuroactive steroids are endogenous neuronal modulators, synthetic entities with improved oral bioavailability have recently been developed. These compounds demonstrate efficacy as anticonvulsants against a range of convulsant stimuli and demonstrate(More)
Caffeine and nicotine are the main psychoactive ingredients of coffee and tobacco, with a high frequency of concurrent use in humans. This study examined the effects of chronic caffeine exposure on 1) rates of acquisition of a nicotine discrimination (0.1 or 0.4 mg/kg, s.c., training doses) and 2) the pharmacological characteristics of the established(More)
The ketogenic diet is a valuable therapeutic approach for epilepsy, one in which most clinical experience has been with children. Although the mechanism by which the diet protects against seizures is unknown, there is evidence that it causes effects on intermediary metabolism that influence the dynamics of the major inhibitory and excitatory(More)
Seizures and status epilepticus are among the neurological complications of cocaine overdose in humans. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effectiveness and therapeutic index (separation between anticonvulsive and side effect profiles) of 14 newly approved and potential antiepileptic drugs using a murine model of acute cocaine(More)
Rationale. Caffeine and nicotine are the main psychoactive ingredients of coffee and tobacco, respectively, with a high frequency of concurrent use in humans. Objectives. The aim of the present study was to examine the interaction of caffeine and nicotine in rats trained to discriminate nicotine from saline. Methods. Two groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)
Epilepsy continues to be a significant clinical problem as current medications neither adequately control seizures nor are free of untoward side-effects. Modulation of the neuroactive steroid site on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor complex may be an important new direction for pharmaceutical interventions in epilepsy. In this study we evaluated(More)
Caffeine is a common psychoactive constituent of coffee, carbonated beverages, and over-the-counter medications. This study examined the effects of chronic caffeine exposure on the behavioral response to acute administrations of psychostimulant drugs on ambulatory activity and on the pharmacological characteristics of nicotine discrimination in rats. Rats(More)
 Epidemiological surveys demonstrate that caffeine, the main psychoactive ingredient of coffee, is a positive correlate in drug abuse. To characterize the behavioral nature of caffeine interactions with other psychomotor stimulants, we examined the effects of chronic caffeine exposure on the behavioral responses to nicotine, amphetamine, cocaine, the(More)
The ketogenic diet has been in clinical use for over 80 years, primarily for the symptomatic treatment of epilepsy. A recent clinical study has raised the possibility that exposure to the ketogenic diet may confer long-lasting therapeutic benefits for patients with epilepsy. Moreover, there is evidence from uncontrolled clinical trials and studies in animal(More)
Inhibition of the glycine transporter type 1 (GlyT1) leading to potentiation of the glycine site (GlyB) on the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor has been proposed as a novel therapeutic approach for schizophrenia. However, sarcosine-based GlyT1 inhibitors produce undesirable side effects including compulsive walking and respiratory distress. The(More)