Machteid N. Hylkema

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Recently we found in biopsies of human lupus nephritis a nearly complete loss of heparan sulfate (HS) staining in the glomerular basement membrane (GMB). To clarify the relationship between HS staining and albuminuria in lupus nephritis, we studied MRL/lpr mice with short (< 7 days) or prolonged duration of albuminuria (14-21 days) and compared these with(More)
Histones can mediate the binding of DNA and anti-DNA to the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). In ELISA histone/DNA/anti-DNA complexes are able to bind to heparan sulfate (HS), an intrinsic constituent of the GBM. We questioned whether histone containing immune complexes are able to bind to the GBM, and if so, whether the ligand in the GBM is HS.(More)
Lupus nephritis is regarded as an immune complex mediated disease. Since anti-DNA antibodies are present in the circulation and in diseased glomeruli of patients with lupus nephritis, these antibodies have been assigned a pivotal role in the initiation of lupus nephritis. It remains however unclear how these antibodies become localized in the glomerulus.(More)
Autoantibodies reacting with a great variety of autoantigens are characteristic for the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Although reactivity with heparan sulfate (HS) in sera of patients with SLE is found in association with the occurrence of nephritis, the aetiological significance of this association is not clear. The assay which is(More)
Reactivity of serum antibodies with heparan sulfate (HS) has been associated with human and murine lupus nephritis, although the aetiological significance of this association is not clear. Recent work from our laboratories showed that binding of these antibodies to HS could be mediated by histone containing immune complexes. In human lupus nephritis we(More)
The presence of anti-heparan sulphate (HS) reactivity in serum is closely related to the occurrence of nephritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Since patients with lupus nephritis in general also have high titres of anti-DNA antibodies, we wanted to clarify the relationship between anti-HS and anti-DNA reactivity in serum. Therefore,(More)
The relationship between autoantibody reactivities and nephritis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is unclear. We studied MRL/l mice which developed a considerable albuminuria (either mice with short ( < 1 week) or heavy and prolonged (3 weeks) albuminuria) and compared them with non-albuminuric age-matched controls, with young (12 weeks old)(More)
Recently, anti-nucleosome antibodies, which do not bind to DNA or to individual histones, have been identified in longitudinal studies in lupus mice. These anti-nucleosome antibodies occur early in spontaneous SLE and are formed prior to other anti-nuclear specificities. However, nucleosomal epitopes are yet to be fully characterized. We selected a panel of(More)
Increased titres of anti-dsDNA antibodies, especially if of high avidity, are associated with renal exacerbations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). One of the most reliable assays to measure anti-dsDNA antibodies, the Farr assay, is believed to detect preferentially high avidity antibodies. Purified non-complexed monoclonal antibodies(More)