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AIMS To determine the effectiveness of 2 interventions for different aspects of emotion-processing deficits in adults with acquired brain injury (ABI). PARTICIPANTS Nineteen participants with ABI (minimum 1 year postinjury) from Western New York and Southern Ontario, Canada. INTERVENTIONS (1) Emotion processing from faces ("facial affect recognition" or(More)
OBJECTIVE Difficulties in communication and social relationships present a formidable challenge for many people after traumatic brain injury (TBI). These difficulties are likely to be partially attributable to problems with emotion perception. Mounting evidence shows facial affect recognition to be particularly difficult after TBI. However, no attempt has(More)
BACKGROUND Patient registries are commonly used to track survival and medical outcomes in large cohorts. However, large-scale collection of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) data is more challenging because such data must be collected directly from patients. Internet-based HRQOL questionnaires are a potential solution, allowing home data collection(More)
The purpose was to examine the inter-rater agreement and test-retest stability of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL) from the Multidimensional Functional Assessment of Older Adults. These two instruments were administered to 20 older persons living in the community. Two experienced raters(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship of impairment types to grip strength in the live-at-home frail elderly. DESIGN All data in this cross-sectional study were collected in face-to-face interviews in subjects' homes by a nurse or occupational therapist. A total of 832 elders with activity limitations, as determined by the FIM instrument, participated in(More)
BACKGROUND Cost-effective interventions to improve diet and physical activity are a public health priority. Alive! is an email-based intervention to increase physical activity, reduce saturated and trans fats and added sugars, and increase fruit and vegetable consumption. It was shown to improve these behaviors in a large randomized controlled trial. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if olfaction is associated with affect recognition and empathy deficits after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Prior research has shown that TBI often leads to loss of smell. We hypothesized a relationship with emotion perception, because the neural substrates of the olfactory system overlap with the ventral circuitry of the orbital(More)
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test the effectiveness of an Internet-based self management program by multidisciplinary health care professionals for patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: The comprehensive educational material for HF was created and posted on a website. A computer with Internet connection and computer training were provided first. A secure(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the most common causes of head injury and associated symptoms of concussion in a population of school children (n=1,372,979). Using standardized injury report forms, we identified the mechanisms of head injury associated with various sports/recreation activities and assessed each injury for the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with chronic conditions are supported by out-of-home informal caregivers-family members, friends, and other individuals who provide care and support without pay-who, if armed with effective consumer health information technology, could inexpensively facilitate their care. OBJECTIVE We sought to understand caregivers' use of,(More)