Macarena Berrios

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Vertebrate nuclear lamins form a multigene family with developmentally controlled expression. In contrast, invertebrates have long been thought to contain only a single lamin, which in Drosophila is the well-characterized lamin Dm0. Recently, however, a Drosophila cDNA clone (pG-IF) has been identified that codes for an intermediate filament protein which(More)
Morphologically intact nuclei have been prepared from embryos of Drosophila melanogaster by a simple and rapid procedure. These nuclei have been further treated with high concentrations of DNase I and RNase A followed by sequential extraction with 2% Triton X-100 and 1 M NaCl to produce a structurally and biochemically distinct preparation designated(More)
CRP1, a Drosophila nuclear protein that can catalyze decondensation of demembranated Xenopus sperm chromatin was cloned and its primary structure was deduced from cDNA sequence. Alignment of deduced amino acid sequence with published sequences of other proteins revealed strong homologies to Xenopus nucleoplasmin and NO38. CRP1 is encoded by one or several(More)
Two major immunocross-reactive polypeptides of the Drosophila nuclear envelope, distinguishable in interphase cells on the basis of one-dimensional SDS-PAGE mobility, have been localized to the nuclear lamina by immunoelectron microscopy. These have been designated lamins Dm1 and Dm2. Both lamins are apparently derived posttranslationally from a single,(More)
To investigate the phylogenetic relationships of living marsupials, morphometric and G-banded chromosome analyses were made in the Chilean species Dromiciops gliroides (Microbiotheria) and Thylamys elegans (Didelphimorphia). Chromosome arm lengths and patterns of G-bands were compared in at least eight bone marrow metaphase spreads in six and nine(More)
DNA topoisomerase II has been immunochemically identified on protein blots as a major polypeptide component of the Drosophila nuclear matrix-pore complex-lamina fraction. Indirect immunofluorescence analyses of larval cryosections have confirmed the nuclear localization of topoisomerase II in situ. Although apparently excluded from the nucleolus, the(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preeclampsia (PE) are leading causes of perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Previously we reported the expression of lipid rafts in classical microvillous membrane (MVM) and light microvillous membrane (LMVM), two subdomains in apical membrane from the human placental syncytiotrophoblast (hSTB), which(More)
A high molecular weight polypeptide, identified as an ATPase subunit by direct ultraviolet photoaffinity labeling, has been shown to be a component of nuclear envelope-enriched fractions prepared from a variety of higher eukaryotes (Berrios, M., G. Blobel, and P. A. Fisher, 1983, J. Biol. Chem., 258:4548-4555). In rat liver as well as Drosophila(More)
Decondensation of sperm chromatin in cell-free Drosophila embryo extracts was efficient, rapid, and synchronous. The decondensation activity was N-ethylmaleimide-resistant, soluble, and heat-stable. Two specific proteins, X and Y, were removed selectively from Xenopus sperm coincident with morphological decondensation. A heat-stable protein, p22, was(More)
A DNA fragment designated lambda 20p1.4 binds in vitro to polymerized Drosophila melanogaster lamin. In situ hybridization of lambda 20p1.4 to isolated polytene chromosomes revealed localization at the chromocenter and to the 49 CD region on the right arm of chromosome 2. About 120 copies of sequences homologous to lambda 20p1.4 were detected per haploid(More)