Mabel Martelli

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BACKGROUND In cross-sectional studies, elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations have been associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. Incidence studies of this issue are few and have produced conflicting results. OBJECTIVE We investigated the relation between high plasma tHcy concentrations and risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease(More)
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is regarded as a precursor to dementia, but not all patients with MCI develop dementia. We followed up 165 elderly outpatients with MCI for a mean of 3 years. The aims were (1) to investigate the risk of conversion to dementia for different MCI subtypes diagnosed according to standardized criteria (amnestic; impairment of(More)
Risk of incident dementia from any cause and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in relation to the IL-1beta-511 (C-->T) and IL-6-174 (G-->C) polymorphisms was investigated in an Italian elderly cohort (n=791) with 4 years of follow-up. Analyses were adjusted for socio-demographic confounders (age, gender, education), presence of the Apolipoprotein E-epsilon4 allele,(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma concentrations of several amino acids may affect the availability of important neurotransmitter precursors in the brain. Abnormalities in the plasma amino acid profile have been reported in elderly persons with cognitive impairment, but no data exist for the prodromal phase of Alzheimer disease (AD), which is characterized by amnestic mild(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate age- and sex-specific incidence of dementia, Alzheimer disease (AD), and vascular dementia (VaD) in the Conselice Study of Brain Aging, an Italian prospective population-based study, and to assess whether poor education is a risk factor for dementia. METHODS In 1999 to 2000, the baseline study identified a dementia-free cohort of 937(More)
Serum interleukin-6 (sIL6) is an acknowledged predictor of all-cause mortality in older age. A common G/C polymorphism has been identified at position −174 of the IL6 gene promoter (IL6−174G>C), but its associations with sIL6 and mortality are still unclear. Data from a population-based elderly cohort (n = 824) were used to study the associations of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Identification of patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is strongly recommended because of their increased risk of dementia. Two brief global cognitive instruments, the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT), were examined as useful screening methods for MCI. METHODS The sensitivity and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic low-grade inflammation, as measured with the peripheral serum marker C-reactive protein (sCRP), may be a risk factor for dementia in elderly persons. METHODS The relationship between sCRP and score on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a commonly used screening cognitive measure, was investigated in 540 well functioning, healthy,(More)
BACKGROUND Recent prospective studies reported that increased plasma homocysteine levels are an independent predictor of osteoporotic fracture in elderly persons. These studies, however, did not take into account folate and vitamin B12, which are the major nutritional determinants of homocysteinemia. METHODS Incident osteoporotic fractures were assessed(More)
Increased levels of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) may play a role in both cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and old-age dementias via enhancement of vascular inflammation. However, the association between plasma tHcy and serum C-reactive protein (sCRP), taken as a marker of low-grade inflammation, is still uncertain. We investigated this association in(More)