Maaz Rehan

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IEEE recently standardized 802.21-2008 Media Independent Handover (MIH) standard. MIH is a key milestone toward the evolution of integrated heterogeneous 4G wireless networks. MIH provides number of link layer events in a unified way that facilitate upper layer protocols in making handover decisions. One such event is Link Going Down (LGD) trigger. LGD is a(More)
Vertical handover decision algorithm that is based on user preferences and coupled with Media Independent Handover (MIH) local triggers have not been explored much in the literature. We have developed a comprehensive cross-layer solution, called Vertical Handover Decision (VHOD) approach, which consists of three parts viz. mechanism for collecting and(More)
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have become more and more diversified and are today able to also support high data rate applications, such as multimedia. In this case, per-packet channel handshaking/switching may result in inducing additional overheads, such as energy consumption, delays and, therefore, data loss. One of the solutions is to perform(More)
In this era of emerging technologies, the main issue is to discover the appropriate neighbor access network during handoff mechanism for a mobile node. We require handover because in this heterogeneous environment, there can be several networks (Wi-Fi, WIMAX and UMTS) in a geographical area which are not so interoperable. For abiding the services we use(More)
Mobility management solutions designed for heterogeneous networks can provide seamless handover and service continuity. Thus, ongoing TCP sessions can remain active, even when mobile node handovers from one access network to another. In such seamless handover, packet loss can be avoided but TCP still undergoes through several performances degradation issues(More)
—Traditionally the mobility problem has been solved mostly at network layer. However the End-to-End Mobility Management Framework (EMF) [1] provides the solution to this problem above the transport layer. EMF overcomes some limitations of current mobility management solutions by effectively providing mobility services such as soft handover, willful(More)
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