Maaz Rehan

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Vertical handover decision algorithm that is based on user preferences and coupled with Media Independent Handover (MIH) local triggers have not been explored much in the literature. We have developed a comprehensive cross-layer solution, called Vertical Handover Decision (VHOD) approach, which consists of three parts viz. mechanism for collecting and(More)
IEEE recently standardized 802.21-2008 Media Independent Handover (MIH) standard. MIH is a key milestone toward the evolution of integrated heterogeneous 4G wireless networks. MIH provides number of link layer events in a unified way that facilitate upper layer protocols in making handover decisions. One such event is Link Going Down (LGD) trigger. LGD is a(More)
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have become more and more diversified and are today able to also support high data rate applications, such as multimedia. In this case, per-packet channel handshaking/switching may result in inducing additional overheads, such as energy consumption, delays and, therefore, data loss. One of the solutions is to perform(More)
In recent years, a notable progress has been observed in the field of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) due to their enormous number of applications. In this paper, a routing problem has been considered in a static WSN. Traditionally, routing mechanisms are based on a single objective optimisation function, e.g., the cost in terms of distance to find the(More)
A large number of routing-related surveys are published so far for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) that exhibit either complete or partial emphasis on routing in WSNs. These surveys classify and discuss the relevant routing protocols published mainly in the fields of classical, energy efficient, secure, hierarchical, geographic, intelligent, Quality of(More)
Operators and wireless internet service providers are increasingly using Wireless Mesh Networks (WMN) to offer Internet connectivity, as it allows fast, easy and affordable network deployment and provide Internet services to the end user through all existing network technologies like Ethernet, WLAN, WiMAX, GPRS etc. Due to evolution of 4G heterogeneous(More)
Today's network control systems have very limited ability to adapt the changes in network. The addition of reinforcement learning (RL) based network management agents can improve Quality of Service (QoS) by reconfiguring the network layer protocol parameters in response to observed network performance conditions. This paper presents a closed-loop approach(More)
In VANET, a Location service technique comprises of location update and location request. In location update, a destination vehicle advertises its services and location to a set of vehicles called location servers. In location request, a source vehicle queries location servers in its broadcast range about the location and services of destinations. During(More)