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BACKGROUND Whether minimal microvascular resistance of the myocardium is affected by the presence of an epicardial stenosis is controversial. Recently, an index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was developed that is based on combined measurements of distal coronary pressure and thermodilution-derived mean transit time. In normal coronary arteries, IMR(More)
With the development of clinical diagnostic techniques to investigate the coronary circulation in conscious humans, the in vitro validation of such newly developed techniques is of major importance. The aim of this study was to develop an in vitro model that is able to mimic the coronary circulation in such a way that coronary pressure and flow signals(More)
By injecting a few cubic centimeters of saline into the coronary artery and using thermodilution principles, mean transit time (T(mn)) of the injectate can be calculated and is inversely proportional to coronary blood flow. Because microvascular resistance equals distal coronary pressure (P(d)) divided by myocardial flow, the product P(d). T(mn) provides an(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to validate a new method for direct volumetric blood flow measurement in coronary arteries in animals and in conscious humans during cardiac catheterization. BACKGROUND Direct volumetric measurement of blood flow in selective coronary arteries would be useful for studying the coronary circulation. METHODS Based on the(More)
For accurate measurement of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) of the myocardium, the presence of maximum hyperemia is of paramount importance. It has been suggested that the hyperemic effect of the conventionally used hyperemic stimulus, adenosine, could be submaximal in patients who have microvascular dysfunction and that adding alpha-blocking agents could(More)
Direct volumetric assessment of coronary flow during cardiac catheterization has not been available so far. In the current study continuous infusion thermodilution, a method based on continuous infusion of saline into a selective coronary artery is evaluated. Theoretically, volumetric flow can be calculated from the known infusion rate (Q(i)), the(More)
Assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) with a commercially available pressure-sensor-tipped guide wire using the principle of thermal anemometry could provide major clinical benefits both in determining and in distinguishing between epicardial and microvascular coronary artery disease. In constant-temperature thermal anemometry, the electrical power(More)
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