Maarten Wauters

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UNLABELLED What is already known about this subject Overweight and obesity prevalence estimates among children based on International Obesity Task Force definitions are substantially lower than estimates based on World Health Organization definitions. Presence of a north-south gradient with the highest level of overweight found in southern European(More)
Inappropriate prescribing puts older adults (≥65 years) at risk for adverse drug reactions [1]. Recently, a European list of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) was developed, the EU(7)-PIM list [2]. Experts from the seven participating countries (EE, NL, FI, ES, FR, SE, DE) screened their medication market for PIMs, using existing lists of(More)
BACKGROUND High drug use and associated adverse outcomes are common in older adults. This study investigates association of medication use with mortality, hospitalisation, and institutionalisation in a cohort of community-dwelling oldest old (aged 80 and over). METHODS Baseline data included socio-demographic, clinical, and functional characteristics, and(More)
AIMS Little is known about the impact of inappropriate prescribing (IP) in community-dwelling adults, aged 80 years and older. The prevalence at baseline (November 2008September 2009) and impact of IP (misuse and underuse) after 18 months on mortality and hospitalization in a cohort of community-dwelling adults, aged 80 years and older (n = 503) was(More)
OBJECTIVES Polypharmacy is highly prevalent among older people (65+), but little is known on the medication use of the oldest old (80+). This study explores the medication use of the Belgian community-dwelling oldest old in relation to their demographic, clinical and functional characteristics. METHODS Baseline data was used from the BELFRAIL study; a(More)
OBJECTIVES The psychotropic education and knowledge test for nurses in acute geriatric care (PEAK-AC) measures knowledge of psychotropic indications, doses and adverse drug reactions in older inpatients. Given the low internal consistency and poor discrimination of certain items, this study aims to adapt the PEAK-AC, validate it in the nursing home setting(More)
Quantification of the anticholinergic exposure insufficiently or imprecisely incorporates dosage information, leading to inaccurate estimations. The aim was to construct a novel scale, including potency and dosage for the quantification of the anticholinergic exposure in older adults. Potency information was retrieved from a previous systematic review. The(More)
BACKGROUND Although guidelines put forward non-pharmacological therapies and advise against the chronic use of psychotropic drugs, these are still being prescribed regularly in Belgian nursing homes. GOAL To explore the reasons for initiation, continuation and cessation of psychotropic drug treatment of elderly with dementia and behavioral problems,(More)
INTRODUCTION Government-funded quality improvement projects aimed to reduce the high psychotropic medication use in Belgian long-term care settings. DESIGN A pilot project (2013-2014) with a pre-post and follow-up intervention design. METHODS Two nursing homes received three educational courses. In the intervention nursing home (INH) additionally, a(More)
Anticholinergics are frequently prescribed for older adults and can lead to adverse drug events. The novel MARANTE (Muscarinic Acetylcholinergic Receptor ANTagonist Exposure) scale measures the anticholinergic exposure by incorporating potency and dosages of each medication into its calculations. The aims were to assess prevalence and intensity of the(More)
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