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Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a key role in renal fibrosis. Urinary CTGF is elevated in various renal diseases and may have biomarker potential. However, it is unknown which processes contribute to elevated urinary CTGF levels. Thus far, urinary CTGF was considered to reflect renal expression. We investigated how tubular dysfunction affects(More)
BACKGROUND Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is considered an animal model of anorexia nervosa (AN). In ABA, scheduled feeding together with voluntary access to a running wheel results in increased running wheel activity (RWA), hypophagia, and body weight loss. Previously it was shown that leptin treatment reduced semi-starvation-induced hyperactivity in rats.(More)
Treating spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with L-arginine, taurine, and vitamins C and E (ATCE) during nephrogenesis (2 weeks before to 4 weeks after birth) persistently lowers blood pressure. Hypothetically, differential gene expression in kidney of SHR vs. normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) is partially corrected by maternal ATCE in SHR.(More)
The mammalian circadian system consists of a master clock in the brain that synchronizes subsidiary oscillators in peripheral tissues. The master clock maintains phase coherence in peripheral cells through systemic cues such as feeding-fasting and temperature cycles. Here, we examined the role of oxygen as a resetting cue for circadian clocks. We(More)
NO deficiency is associated with development of hypertension. Defects in the renal citrulline-arginine pathway or arginine reabsorption potentially reduce renal NO in prehypertensive spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Hence, we investigated genes related to the citrulline-arginine pathway or arginine reabsorption, amino acid pools, and renal NO in(More)
Enhancing perinatal nitric oxide (NO) availability persistently reduces blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. We hypothesize that this approach can be generalized to other models of genetic hypertension, for instance those associated with renal injury. Perinatal exposure to the NO donor molsidomine was studied in fawn-hooded hypertensive (FHH)(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN2) plays a role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Urinary CTGF (uCTGF) is elevated in DN patients and has been proposed as a biomarker for disease progression, but it is unknown which pathophysiological factors contribute to elevated uCTGF. We studied renal handling of CTGF by infusion of recombinant(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is known to depress ribosome biogenesis in vitro. In this study we analyzed the influence of exogenous NO on ribosome biogenesis in vivo using a proven antihypertensive model of perinatal NO administration in genetically hypertensive rats. Fawn-hooded hypertensive rat (FHH) dams were supplied with the NO-donor molsidomine in drinking water(More)
KEY POINTS Our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the role of hypoxia in the initiation and progression of renal disease remains rudimentary. We have developed a method that allows wireless measurement of renal tissue oxygen tension in unrestrained rats. This method provides stable and continuous measurements of cortical tissue oxygen tension (PO2)(More)
While the presence of oxidative stress in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well established, its relation to hypertensive renal hemodynamics remains unclear. We hypothesized that once CKD is established blood pressure and renal vascular resistance (RVR) no longer depend on reactive oxygen species. CKD was induced by bilateral ablation of 2/3 of each kidney.(More)