Maarten J J van den Hurk

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The extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) is expressed in many different organs in various species, ranging from mammals to fish. In some of these organs, this G protein-coupled receptor is involved in the control of systemic Ca(2+) homeostasis, whereas in other organs its role is unclear (e.g. in the pituitary gland). We have characterized the CaR in(More)
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) is expressed in various types of endocrine pituitary cell, but the intracellular mechanism this G protein-coupled receptor uses in these cells is not known. In the present study we investigated possible intracellular signal transduction pathway(s) utilized by the CaR of the endocrine melanotrope cells in the(More)
Melanotrope cells of Xenopus laevis generate transitory increases in intracellular Ca(2+), known as Ca(2+) oscillations. These oscillations arise from the influx of Ca(2+) through voltage-operated Ca(2+) channels (VOCCs). Such oscillations are the driving force for secretion of a-melanophore-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) from the cell. The influx of(More)
Secretion of alpha-melanophore-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) from the neuroendocrine melanotrope cells in the intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland of the clawed frog Xenopus laevis is regulated by various inhibitory, stimulatory and autocrine factors. The neuropeptide sauvagine stimulates alpha-MSH secretion by changing the pattern of intracellular(More)
alphaA-Crystallin, a small heat shock protein with chaperone-like activity, forms dynamic multimeric complexes. Recently we described the spontaneous generation of a mutant protein (super alphaA-crystallin) by exon duplication arisen via exon shuffling confirming a classic hypothesis by Gilbert [Nature 271 (1978) 501]. Comparison of super alphaA-crystallin,(More)
The secretory activity of melanotroph cells from Xenopus laevis is regulated by multiple neurotransmitters that act through adenylyl cyclase. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), acting on protein kinase A (PKA), stimulates the frequency of intracellular Ca(2+) oscillations and the secretory activity of the melanotroph cell. Anchoring of PKA near target(More)
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