Maarten C. de Waal Malefijt

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Inadequate bone stock is often found in revision surgery of femoral components of total knee replacements. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that these remodelling patterns can be explained by stress shielding, and that prosthetic bonding characteristics affect maintenance of bone mass. We made a three-dimensional finite-element model of an average male(More)
BACKGROUND Knee models often do not contain thigh-calf contact which occurs in deep knee flexion. Thigh-calf contact is expected to reduce muscle forces and thereby affects internal stresses in the knee joint. The purpose of this study was to measure thigh-calf contact forces. Two deep knee flexion activities were selected: squatting and kneeling. METHODS(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of measuring angle and angular velocity of the upper body and upper leg during rising from a chair with accelerometers, using low-pass filtering of the accelerometer signal. Also, the improvement in accuracy of the measurement with additional use of high-pass filtered gyroscopes was assessed. Two(More)
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is being undertaken in a younger population than before and as a result the functional demands on the knee are likely to be increasing. As a consequence, it is important to define quantitative functional knee tests that can monitor any increase. A valuable functional knee test has to be able to distinguish small differences(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cells (DC) have a role in the regulation of immunity and tolerance, attracting inflammatory cells by the production of various chemokines (CK). Fc gamma receptors (Fc gamma R) may be involved in regulation of the DC function. OBJECTIVE To assess the expression of CK by immature (iDC) and mature DC (mDC) and its regulation by Fc gamma(More)
Open Access-This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the source is credited. Background and purpose The first generations of total ankle replacements (TARs) showed a high rate of early failure. In the last(More)
It is often suggested that patella tracking after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with an asymmetrical patella groove is more physiological than with a symmetrical patella groove. Therefore, this study tried to address two questions: what is the effect of TKA on patella tracking, and is patella tracking after asymmetrical TKA more physiological than patella(More)
Malfunctioning of total knee replacements often is related to patellofemoral problems. Because the trochlea guides the patella during flexion and extension, its geometry has a major influence in patellofemoral problems. There is controversy in the literature: relative to the mechanical axis, some authors have found a laterally oriented trochlea and others(More)
Recently, high-flexion knee implants have been developed to provide for a large range of motion (ROM>120 degrees ) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Since knee forces typically increase with larger flexion angles, it is commonly assumed that high-flexion knee implants are subjected to larger loads than conventional knee implants. However, most(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the need for additional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) following ultrasound (US) in patients with shoulder pain and/or disability and to compare the accuracy of both techniques for the detection of partial-thickness and full-thickness rotator cuff tears (RCT). METHODS In 4 years, 5,216 patients underwent US by experienced(More)