Maarit Hallikainen

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OBJECTIVE To examine the relation of midlife raised blood pressure and serum cholesterol concentrations to Alzheimer's disease in later life. DESIGN Prospective, population based study. SETTING Populations of Kuopio and Joensuu, eastern Finland. PARTICIPANTS Participants were derived from random, population based samples previously studied in a survey(More)
Age-associated memory impairment (AAMI) is a common but disputed entity. It is unclear whether AAMI is a phenomenon of normal aging or an early sign of Alzheimer's disease. The present study aimed to identify possible structural abnormalities in the medial temporal lobe of AAMI subjects. We measured volumes of the hippocampus and amygdala by MRI in 16 AAMI(More)
The effect of plant stanol ester on serum cholesterol is dose-dependent. However, it is not clear what the dose is beyond which no additional benefit can be obtained. Therefore, we determined the dose-response relationship for serum cholesterol with different doses of plant stanol ester in hypercholesterolemic subjects. In a single-blind design each of 22(More)
In this study, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hippocampus for the diagnosis of early Alzheimer's disease (AD) is evaluated. We measured hippocampal volumes and the area of the medial hippocampus with a 1.5 T MR imager in 160 subjects: 55 patients with probable AD according to the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria, 43 subjects fulfilling the NIMH criteria of(More)
OBJECTIVES Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been suggested as a term for a boundary area between normal aging and dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD). In follow-up studies, more than 50% of MCI subjects have been converted to dementia in 3-4 years. However, the epidemiology of MCI is not well known. This study was designed to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the most widely used concept in classifying cognitive impairment in the elderly who do not fulfil the criteria for dementia. MCI is considered to confer an increased risk of progressing to dementia and most often Alzheimer's disease (AD). Various approaches such as imaging of the brain have been applied to(More)
BACKGROUND In mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD)-type cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker profiles predict rapid progression and conversion to AD. An increased brain amyloid burden in AD and MCI has been demonstrated with PET using [(11)C]PIB (Pittsburgh compound B). Little is known about the relationship between these biomarkers in(More)
BACKGROUND Full-fat sitostanol ester-containing margarine reduces serum total and LDL cholesterol, but the effect of plant stanol ester-containing margarine as part of a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet has not been studied. OBJECTIVE We investigated the cholesterol-lowering effects of 2 novel, low-fat stanol ester-containing margarines as part of a low-fat(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of midlife elevated serum cholesterol levels and blood pressure on the subsequent development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to investigate the prevalence of MCI in elderly Finnish population, applying the MCI criteria devised by the Mayo Clinic Alzheimer's Disease Research Center. BACKGROUND MCI has been(More)
Hippocampal atrophy detected by volumetric MRI is a sensitive feature of early Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there are no studies evaluating hippocampal atrophy by MR volumetry in other dementing diseases. We therefore compared hippocampal volumes in a total of 113 subjects: 50 patients with mild to moderate AD, 9 patients with vascular dementia (VaD), 12(More)