Maaret Castrèn

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uropean Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015 ection 2. Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation avin D. Perkinsa,b,∗, Anthony J. Handleyc, Rudolph W. Kosterd, Maaret Castréne, ichael A. Smytha,f, Theresa Olasveengeng, Koenraad G. Monsieursh,i, Violetta Raffay j, an-Thorsten Gräsnerk, Volker Wenzel l, Giuseppe(More)
Elevated blood glucose is associated with poor outcome in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to determine whether strict glucose control with intensive insulin treatment improves outcome of OHCA patients. A randomized, controlled trial. Two university hospital intensive care units. Ninety patients resuscitated from(More)
Notfall Rettungsmed 2017 · 20 (Suppl 1):S3–S24 DOI 10.1007/s10049-017-0328-0 Online publiziert: 29. Juni 2017 © European Resuscitation Council (ERC), German Resuscitation Council (GRC), Austrian Resuscitation Council (ARC) 2017 G.D. Perkins · A.J. Handley · R.W. Koster · M. Castrén · M.A. Smyth · T. Olasveengen · K.G. Monsieurs · V. Raffay · J.-T. Gräsner ·(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Sudden cardiac arrest survivors suffer from ischaemic brain injury that may lead to poor neurological outcome and death. The reperfusion injury that occurs is associated with damaging biochemical reactions, which are suppressed by mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH). In several studies MTH has been proven to be safe, with few complications(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was performed in the Finnish Defense Forces to assess the potential applicability and value of short video clips as educational material to teach advanced airway management and as the first means of introducing the use of a laryngeal tube (LT) or an intubating laryngeal mask (ILMA) to inexperienced, military, first-responder trainees(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency medical dispatchers give instructions on how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) over the telephone to callers requesting help for a patient with suspected cardiac arrest, before the arrival of emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. A previous study indicated that instructions to perform CPR consisting of only chest(More)
BACKGROUND Transnasal evaporative cooling has sufficient heat transfer capacity for effective intra-arrest cooling and improves survival in swine. The aim of this study was to determine the safety, feasibility, and cooling efficacy of prehospital transnasal cooling in humans and to explore its effects on neurologically intact survival to hospital discharge.(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To determine the predictive power of the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) score and serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in patients resuscitated from ventricular fibrillation treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and glucose control. METHODS An analysis of prospectively collected data of 90 TH patients. Serum NSE was measured at(More)
CONTEXT Early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provides an essential bridge to successful defibrillation from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) and there is a need to increase the prevalence and quality of bystander CPR. Emergency medical dispatchers can give CPR instructions to a bystander calling for an ambulance enabling even an inexperienced(More)
OBJECTIVE Quality improvement initiatives in emergency medicine (EM) often suffer from a lack of benchmarking data on the quality of care. The objectives of this study were twofold: 1. To assess the feasibility of collecting benchmarking data from different Swedish emergency departments (EDs) and 2. To evaluate patient throughput times and inflow patterns.(More)