Maaike van den Ende

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The thermostability of a rinderpest vaccine produced on Vero cells was evaluated using a variety of chemical stabilizers and lyophilization protocols. Three stabilizer preparations and three lyophilization schedules were examined using accelerated stability testing at 37 degrees C. The vaccine preparation exhibiting the greatest stability at 37 degrees C(More)
A lyophilized thermostable Vero cell-adapted ringerpest vaccine, stabilized with lactalbumin hydrolysate and sucrose, was tested for safety, serological response and suitability for use with an abbreviated cold chain under field conditions in Niger. A total of 480 cattle, 90 goats and 55 sheep of unknown serological status were vaccinated on government(More)
Pre-existing chronic or concurrent acute non-A, non-B (NANB) virus infection has been found to interfere with hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication and to delay and moderate markedly the appearance of disease related to HBV infection in chimpanzees. The mechanism for this phenomenon remains unclear. These findings are of practical significance for vaccine(More)
The course of the humoral immune response was followed in a chimpanzee experimentally infected over 27 weeks with a total of 168 Onchocerca volvulus 3rd-stage larvae obtained from naturally infected wild-caught blackflies. Antibodies against an adult worm extract could be detected by ELISA from week 16 onwards (after the inoculation of 44 larvae). Peak(More)
Adult Onchocerca volvulus were transplanted into chimpanzees with or without complete or partial digestion of associated nodule tissue. Survival of adults worms was limited, but low level microfilarial densities remained detectable in skin over partially digested nodule transplants for 12 months. Human nodule tissue transplanted with adult worms showed(More)
The thermostable Vero cell-adapted rinderpest vaccine was evaluated in terms of immunogenicity as a heterologous vaccine against peste des petits ruminants. A titration to establish the minimum immunising dose was performed in American mixed breed goats by vaccinating test subjects with dilutions of Vero cell-adapted rinderpest vaccine and then challenging(More)
Titrated stocks of hepatitis B virus and Hutchinson strain non-A, non-B hepatitis virus were diluted in normal serum to contain, respectively, greater than or equal to 10(6) and greater than or equal to 10(4) chimpanzee infectious doses (CID50) per milliliter and exposed to 1% Tween 80 and 20% ether at 4 degrees C for 18 h. After evaporation of the ether,(More)
A porous inorganic material (Anopore) was employed as a microbial culture and microcolony imaging support. Rapid Anopore-based antibiotic sensitivity testing (AST) methods were developed to assess the growth of clinical isolates, with the primary focus on testing the response of the Enterobacteriaceae to trimethoprim, but with the method supporting a wider(More)
A highly porous inorganic material (Anopore) was shown to be an effective support for culturing and imaging a wide range of microorganisms. An inert barrier grid was printed on the rigid surface of Anopore to create a "living chip" of 336 miniaturized compartments (200/cm2) with broad applications in microbial culture.