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Currently dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccines are explored in clinical trials, predominantly in cancer patients. Murine studies showed that only maturation with Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands generates mature DCs that produce interleukin-12 and promote optimal T-cell help. Unfortunately, the limited availability of clinical-grade TLR ligands significantly(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells of the immune system that play a crucial role in initiating immune responses and maintaining self tolerance. Better understanding of the molecular basis of DC immunobiology is required to improve DC-based immunotherapies. We previously described the interaction of transcription factor LUMAN(More)
Effective vaccines consist of 2 components: immunodominant antigens and effective adjuvants. Whereas it has been demonstrated that targeted delivery of antigens to dendritic cells (DCs) improves vaccine efficacy, we report here that co-targeting of TLR ligands (TLRLs) to DCs strongly enhances adjuvanticity and immunity. We encapsulated ligands for(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that provide a link between innate and adaptive immunity. Multiple DC subsets exist and their activation by microorganisms occurs through binding of conserved pathogen-derived structures to so-called pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). In this study we analyzed the expression of PRRs(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) which efficiently prime the immune response or induce tolerance. We recently identified Dendritic Cell Specific TrAnsMembrane Protein (DC-STAMP), a novel 470 amino acid protein preferentially expressed by dendritic cells. Previously we demonstrated that DC-STAMP re-localizes towards(More)
Antitumor immunity can be enhanced by the coordinated release and delivery of antigens and immune-stimulating agents to antigen-presenting cells via biodegradable vaccine carriers. So far, encapsulation of TLR ligands and tumor-associated antigens augmented cytotoxic T cell (CTLs) responses. Here, we compared the efficacy of the invariant NKT (iNKT) cell(More)
Dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP) has been first identified as an EST in a cDNA library of human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC). DC-STAMP is a multimembrane spanning protein that has been implicated in skewing haematopoietic differentiation of bone marrow cells towards the myeloid lineage, and in cell fusion during(More)
Tumor-derived peptides are used frequently as antigen (Ag) source in dendritic cell (DC) therapy in cancer patients. An alternative is to load DC with tumor-associated Ag (TAA)-encoding RNA. RNA-loading obviates prior knowledge of CTL and Th epitopes in the Ag. Multiple epitopes for many HLA alleles (both MHC class I and class II) are encoded by the RNA and(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a fundamental role in the regulation of gene expression by translational repression or target mRNA degradation. Regulatory elements in miRNA promoters are less well studied, but may reveal a link between their expression and a specific cell type. RESULTS To explore this link in myeloid cells, miRNA expression profiles(More)
Effective antitumor immunotherapy requires the identification of suitable target Ags. Interestingly, many of the tumor Ags used in clinical trials are present in preparations of secreted tumor vesicles (exosomes). In this study, we compared T cell responses elicited by murine MCA101 fibrosarcoma tumors expressing a model Ag at different localizations within(More)