Ma Teresa Antonio

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Although the neurotoxic effects of Pb are well documented, the subcellular mechanisms of this action in the central nervous system are not fully understood. The present work examines some neurochemical parameters in discrete brain areas of pups whose mothers were intoxicated via drinking water with lead (300 mg/L), from day 1 of pregnancy until postnatal(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation, as well as endothelium biochemical markers, in a group of essential hypertensive patients classified on the basis of salt sensitivity. Changes in forearm blood flow in response to acetylcholine, sodium nitroprusside, and N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) infusion(More)
Five enzymes, considered keys to the correct function of the central nervous system (CNS) were chosen to study their utility as markers of the possible neurotoxic effects produced by the perinatal exposure to lead and/or cadmium. With this aim, lead acetate (300 mg/l) and/or cadmium acetate (10 mg/l) were administered to pregnant Wistar rats from day 1 of(More)
Perinatal exposure to delta 9-THC has been shown to produce effects on brain development. In this study we evaluated the changes induced by maternal exposure to delta 9-THC (5 mg/kg per day) from gestational day 5 to postnatal day 24 in eight discrete brain areas on the central serotoninergic system in both adult male and female rats. These result show that(More)
The present study examines the effects of early simultaneous exposure to low level of lead and cadmium on anxiety-like behaviour in the rat, and on monoamine levels in the hypothalamus and hippocampus at weaning and adult animals. Rats were intoxicated with cadmium acetate (10 mg/l) and lead acetate (300 mg/l) in drinking water from the beginning of(More)
The effects of gestational and early lactational intoxication by cadmium (Cd) were studied in the brain of young Wistar rats. Pregnant rats were exposed to 10 mg of cadmium acetate per litre of drinking water, from initiation of pregnancy to parturition or until postnatal day 5. At birth or on postnatal day (PND) 5 the pups were weighed, sacrificed and(More)
The effects of perinatal exposure to lead (300 mg/l) on the development of monoaminergic and aminoacidergic systems were evaluated in the striatum, cerebral cortex (Cx), dorsal hippocampus (d-Hipp) and basal-medial hypothalamus. Maternal exposure to lead produced regional alterations in monoamine content, with increases in dopamine and serotonin or their(More)
The present study was designed to examine more fully the neurochemical and behavioral interactions that derive from continued lead and cadmium poisoning in pups, whose mothers were exposed via drinking water (300 mg/l of Pb and 10 mg/l of Cd) throughout pregnancy and lactation. At weaning, these metals produced an increase in DOPAC, 5-HT and 5-HIAA contents(More)
Gestational administration of cadmium (10 mg/l) and lead (300 mg/l) produced a strong decrease in proteins at birth (-17%) and on day 5 (-31%) as well as in brain lipid amount on both days (-11 and -23%, respectively). At day 5 postnatal the exposure also produced a marked decrease in DNA and RNA concentrations with respect to the control group. On the(More)
This study aims to evaluate the clinical and biochemical profile associated with the presence of microalbuminuria in a group of essential hypertensive patients referred to a hypertension clinic. A total of 188 non-diabetic, untreated essential hypertensive patients (100 men, 88 women) aged 55.8 +/- 11.7 years are studied. Urinary albumin excretion was(More)