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Insulin-like factor 3 (INSL3) serum levels were measured in 135 andrologically well-characterized normal men and 85 patients with testicular disorders to investigate how the hormone, which is a major secretory product of human Leydig cells, is related to testosterone (T), LH, and semen quality. INSL3 was measured by using a newly developed fluorescence(More)
Relaxin is a peptide hormone with a broad range of biological activities, related not only to parturition and lactation but possibly also to decidualization, implantation, and early pregnancy. The present study was designed to investigate the secretion pattern of relaxin throughout the cycle and early pregnancy in the common marmoset monkey in relation to(More)
Purified rat Leydig tumour cells were pretreated with lutropin and the effect on the subsequent response to lutropin was determined. Maximal cyclic AMP production was achieved with the same concentration of lutropin in control and lutropin-pretreated cells; however, the maximum stimulated level in pretreated cells was only 30% of controls. The sensitivity(More)
The effects of different atrial natriuretic peptides on cyclic GMP formation and steroidogenesis have been studied in Percoll-purified mouse Leydig cells. Rat atrial peptides rANP (rat atrial natriuretic peptide), rAP-I (rat atriopeptin I) and rAP-II (rat atriopeptin II), in the presence of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, stimulated cyclic GMP formation in a(More)
It is unclear whether sex steroids influence melatonin secretion in the human. In an attempt to find an answer to this important question 36 women within an age range of 19 to 40 years were studied within a 3-month period under the following conditions: natural menstrual cycle, ovulation induction with gonadotrophins, early pregnancy, and intake of(More)
The relaxin-like factor (RLF) was recently discovered as a new member of the insulin-insulin-like growth factor-relaxin family of growth factors and hormones predominantly in the Leydig cells of the testis. In cattle, in contrast to other species, the RLF gene is also expressed to a high level in the ovary, where its expression pattern in the corpus luteum(More)
Measurement of melatonin secretion throughout the night provides an index of net noradrenergic activity mediated by postsynaptic beta-adrenergic receptors in the pineal gland. Reduced melatonin secretion in some patients with depression might be related to reduced net noradrenergic function. However, a dysregulation in serotonin function has also been(More)
The study presents a characterization of the refractory state in purified mouse Leydig cells desensitized by a single injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in vivo. The treatment of mice with 1 microgram hCG i.p. for 48 h followed by Leydig cell isolation and purification resulted in a decrease in the maxima of hCG-induced cAMP accumulation and(More)
The tumour-promoting phorbol ester, PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate), markedly reduced the steroidogenic response of mouse Leydig cells to stimulation by hCG and cholera toxin. However, 8Br-cAMP-and forskolin-stimulated steroidogenesis was not inhibited by PMA. PMA did not inhibit hCG-induced steroidogenesis in the simultaneous presence of 1 microM(More)