Ma José Alejandre

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The developmental pattern of microsomal 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity was different in liver, intestine and brain of neonatal chicks. Hepatic reductase activity sharply increased between 5 and 9 days after hatching. This pattern agrees with changes in acetate incorporation into non-saponifiable lipids by liver slices. Both enzyme(More)
We have developed cultures of smooth muscle cells (SMC) isolated from arterial hypercholesterolemic chicks (cholesterol-SMC). These cultures are suitable for the study at the molecular level of the changes in arterial SMC induced by a cholesterol diet. By using a strong dose of cholesterol (5%) for 10 d, we obtained very proliferative SMC which became foam(More)
Both 5% cholesterol feeding and fasting produced a decrease in the hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity, although certain diurnal variations remained during the second day of treatment. Supplementation of 5% cholesterol to the diet produced a significant increase in cholesterol content of hepatic microsomes, whereas no significant(More)
Chick liver and intestine 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase did not show diurnal rhythm at hatching. Differences in activity between light and dark periods appeared during the first week and remained more or less constant between 10–14 days after hatching. Hepatic and intestinal reductase activities were maximal during the light period and minimal(More)
The influence of hyperphenylalaninemia on the lipid composition of brain myelin has been investigated in 19-day-old chick embryos. CNP-ase activity was used as myelin marker enzyme for myelin isolation. CNP-ase activity was significantly lower in hyperphenylalaninemic myelin when compared with control. No significant differences were observed after(More)
Contractile-state smooth muscle cells (SMC), the only cell type in the arterial media, undergoes migration to the intima, proliferation, and abundant extracellular matrix production during the early stages of atherosclerosis. This involves the ingestion of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and modified or oxidised LDL by macrophages together with SMC by several(More)
The Arrhenius plots of hepatic and cerebral 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity were studied in neonatal chicks fed with a standard diet. Supplementation of the diet with 2% cholesterol from hatching has no effect on the thermal characteristics of the brain enzyme. The Arrhenius plot of brain reductase was practically similar to that found in(More)
Experimental hyperphenylalaninemia has been induced in chick embryos between 11-20 days of incubation by daily injection of ?-methylphenylalanine and phenylalanine. Brain and liver weight decreased after 8 days of treatment. An increase of nearly 14-fold in the brain phenylalanine/tyrosine ratio was observed after 9 days of treatment. Similar results were(More)
We observed and compared alterations in 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase at the transcriptional level in unsynchronized, three-passage cultures of smooth-muscle cells from the aorta of chicks fed on a control diet (C-SMC) and those of chicks fed on a similar diet plus cholesterol (Ch-SMC). Alterations in reductase mRNA concentrations in(More)
We have studied the correlation between changes in the lipid composition in chick liver microsomes and the activities of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) and acyl-CoA : cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) by in vivo and in vitro experiments with 21-day-old chicks. A 5% cholesterol diet for 3 hr produced an increase in the(More)