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BACKGROUND Acute administration of the antitumoral drug cisplatin can induce nausea/emesis and diarrhea. The long-term effects of cisplatin on gastrointestinal motility, particularly after repeated administration, are not well known. Because cisplatin is highly neurotoxic, myenteric neurons can be affected. Our aim was to study the prolonged effects of(More)
Melatonin has a functional connection with the immune system. Phagocyte function is altered by extirpation of the pineal gland, one source of melatonin, or by in vitro incubation of phagocytes with pharmacological concentrations of melatonin. Given that its synthesis by pinealocytes is under the control of the noradrenaline released by the sympathetic(More)
BACKGROUND In the absence of pathology, cannabinoid-induced depression of gastrointestinal (GI) motility is thought to be mediated primarily by CB1 receptors, whereas the role of CB2 receptors is still unclear. The aim of this work was to radiographically analyze the acute effect of the mixed cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) on GI motor function in(More)
The contribution of central serotonergic pathways to the analgesic activity induced by salmon calcitonin in the writhing test was investigated. Salmon calcitonin was administered to mice after lesioning of the ascending and descending serotonergic pathways by means of i.p. administration of p-chloroamphetamine (40 mg/kg, for 2 days) or p-chlorophenylalanine(More)
We compared the analgesia induced by intraperitoneally (i.p.) and intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered salmon-calcitonin (S-CT), using the hot-plate test and the writhing test. The influence of the route of administration on the analgesia induced by morphine was also studied. After i.p. administration the analgesic effect was observed only in the(More)
The use of cannabinoids to treat gastrointestinal (GI) motor disorders has considerable potential. However, it is not clear if tolerance to their actions develops peripherally, as it does centrally. The aim of this study was to examine the chronic effects of the cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) on GI motility, as well as those in the central nervous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Studies in isolated preparations of vascular tissue (mainly resistance vessels) provide evidence that anandamide exerts vasorelaxation. The aim of the present work was to further characterize the mechanisms involved in the vascular response induced by anandamide in a conduit vessel, rat aorta. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Isometric tension(More)
R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(moroholinyl)methyl] pyrrolo [1,2,3-de]-1,4benzoxazinyl]-1(1-naphthalenyl) methanone mesylate (Win 55,212-2) is a synthetic cannabinoid classically classified as a potent CB(1) and CB(2) agonist with high stereoselectivity and a slight preference for CB(2) cannabinoid receptors. Its vascular actions are not always explained by(More)
The actions of opioid receptor agonists and antagonists were studied in isolated rat aortic strips. Morphine (10(-7)-10(-6) M) had no contractile effect on resting strips but when added during the relaxation of the contractions induced by 10(-9) M noradrenaline, it induced a contractile response which was blocked by naloxone. The selective mu-opioid(More)
1. When the analgesic effect of salmon-calcitonin (S-CT) and of eel-calcitonin (E-CT), as well as their influence on the morphine-analgesia were compared, no significant differences were found. 2. While on isolated tissues, E-CT induced a significant increase on the effect of bremazocine, [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin and [Met5]enkephalin and no changes were(More)