Learn More
BACKGROUND Acute administration of the antitumoral drug cisplatin can induce nausea/emesis and diarrhea. The long-term effects of cisplatin on gastrointestinal motility, particularly after repeated administration, are not well known. Because cisplatin is highly neurotoxic, myenteric neurons can be affected. Our aim was to study the prolonged effects of(More)
BACKGROUND In the absence of pathology, cannabinoid-induced depression of gastrointestinal (GI) motility is thought to be mediated primarily by CB1 receptors, whereas the role of CB2 receptors is still unclear. The aim of this work was to radiographically analyze the acute effect of the mixed cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) on GI motor function in(More)
The use of cannabinoids to treat gastrointestinal (GI) motor disorders has considerable potential. However, it is not clear if tolerance to their actions develops peripherally, as it does centrally. The aim of this study was to examine the chronic effects of the cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) on GI motility, as well as those in the central nervous(More)
1. Pain threshold, behavioral parameters, and monoamine levels were compared in two groups of rats: adult (12 months old) and old rats (25 months old). 2. No differences in nociception were found between the two groups using the tail-shock test. 3. Behavioral experiments with the holeboard test showed that locomotor activity and exploration activity were(More)
In animals without the emetic reflex, several emetogenic stimuli induce pica, an altered feeding behaviour consisting of the ingestion of non-nutritive substances. The development of pica in response to an emetogenic stimulus has been proposed to be useful as an indirect marker of nausea in the rat. In fact, like nausea and emesis in humans, it is(More)
The effects of single and repeated (9 times) administration of two dihydropyridines (DHPs), nimodipine (NIM) and nifedipine (NIF) (5 mg/kg per 12 h and 2.5 mg/kg per 12 h, IP), on the behavior of male adult rats in the holeboard and in the plus-maze, were investigated. Besides, the effects of repeated administration of the drugs on the levels of dopamine(More)
The analgesic effect of calcitonin when serotonin (5-HT) concentration is increased and the involvement of some 5-HT receptors were studied using the writhing test in mice. 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) administration increased both 5-HT levels in the central nervous system (CNS) and calcitonin analgesia. The 5-HT(1A) agonist(More)
We compared the analgesia induced by intraperitoneally (i.p.) and intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered salmon-calcitonin (S-CT), using the hot-plate test and the writhing test. The influence of the route of administration on the analgesia induced by morphine was also studied. After i.p. administration the analgesic effect was observed only in the(More)
Acute morphine treatment has been shown to cause a uniform calcium depletion in various brain regions and to evoke hypermotility in mice. On the other hand, it has been reported previously that calcium channel blockers reduce the behavioral stimulation induced by different methods in mice, and it is known that these drugs increase the morphine analgesia and(More)
The aim of the present work was to investigate the possible connection between melatonin, corticosterone and the nonspecific immune response under both basal and stressed conditions. The concentrations used in the present study were as determined in an earlier work, and corresponded to the minimum and maximum concentrations of the hormones melatonin and(More)