Małgorzata Trofimiuk

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Poland has been known as an area with iodine deficiency. Surveys carried out in 1992/1993 and 1994 revealed that the voluntary model of iodine prophylaxis introduced in 1986 was ineffective. In 1997 a new model of iodine prophylaxis based on obligatory household salt iodization has been implemented. In order to assess its effectiveness new studies were(More)
BACKGROUND Iodine prophylaxis in Poland started in 1935 and has been interrupted twice: by World War II and in 1980 for economic reasons. Epidemiological surveys carried out after the Chernobyl accident in 1989 as well as in 1992/1993 and in 1994 as a 'ThyroMobil' study, revealed increased prevalence of goitre in children and adults. Ninety per cent of(More)
PURPOSE Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms of diffuse neuroendocrine cells. Surgery is the main aim in the treatment of NETs, which becomes impossible in the case of large tumours or infiltration into other tissues and/or important blood vessels. Neoadjuvant therapy might be helpful in decreasing NET size also, leading us to(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence rate (IR), trend and histotype of the differentiated thyroid cancer in the selected areas with varying iodine deficiency. The study was carried out in three areas: Krakow, (Carpathian endemic goiter area with 1.99 million mixed rural and urban population), Gliwice (Upper Silesia--moderate iodine deficiency(More)
PURPOSE PRRT is a known tool in the management of patients with disseminated and inoperable NETs. The aim of study was to assess the effectiveness of the repeated cycles of PRRT in patients with disseminated and inoperable NETs. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty nine patients were included in the PRRT. Among them 16 patients (18%) were qualified for a repeated(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between thyroid cancer histotype and incidence rate (IR) and iodine nutrition level in two endemic goiter areas: the districts of Krakow and Nowy Sacz. The suspension of iodine prophylaxis in Poland in 1980 resulted in increased goiter prevalence in schoolchildren and adults and elevated TSH levels in(More)
BACKGROUND Poland has one of the highest death rates for stomach cancer in Europe. Moderate iodine deficiency and in consequence high goitre prevalence led to the implementation in 1996 of a very efficient mandatory model of iodine prophylaxis, based on household salt iodisation (30 +/- 10 mg KI/1 kg of salt). AIM OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was(More)
BACKGROUND Microvessel density in angiogenesis is regarded as a prognostic factor of tumour invasiveness, independent of cell proliferation. In recent studies of pituitary tumours, correlation between the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and micro-vascularization density and microvessel surface density has been established. We studied the expression(More)
Pituitary metastases, though very uncommon, may cause endocrine and neurosurgical problems. The clinical manifestation of such metastases is highly variable. Most of the metastatic pituitary tumours are oligosymptomatic. We report two cases of metastatic pituitary lesions. The first patient, a 52-year old female, with metastatic breast cancer, developed(More)
OBJECTIVE Most of the Polish territory has been classified as an iodine-deficient and endemic goiter area according to the International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency (ICCIDD) criteria. In 1997 the obligatory model of iodine prophylaxis was implemented. Our investigations were aimed at the effectiveness of iodine prophylaxis in Poland. METHODS(More)