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In this position paper, the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Study Group on Clinical Parasitology, summarizes main issues regarding the management of imported malaria cases. Malaria is a rare diagnosis in Europe, but it is a medical emergency. A travel history is the key to suspecting malaria and is mandatory in patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Ocular toxocarosis associated with high peripheral eosinophilia and together with systemic signs of visceral damage has been reported sporadically. Eye infections caused by numerous migrating larvae of Toxocara parasites, probably due to re-invasion or delayed reactivation, and leading to a progressive loss of vision is relatively rare. We(More)
Photosynthetic cyanobacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, free-living amoebae, and ciliated protozoa may support growth of Legionella pneumophila. Studies were done with two tap water cultures (WS1 and WS2) containing L. pneumophila and associated microbiota to characterize growth-supporting activity and assess the relative importance of the microbiota in(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to characterize temporal trends in hospitalizations with heart failure as a primary or secondary diagnosis. BACKGROUND Heart failure patients are frequently admitted for both heart failure and other causes. METHODS Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), we evaluated trends in heart failure hospitalizations between 2001(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the accuracy of postnatal screening for toxoplasma-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgA. SETTING Ten centres in three European countries. METHODS We compared results of the first postnatal IgM or IgA test in infants with infected mothers identified by prenatal screening with the reference standard for congenital infection(More)
The blood kinetics and tissue distribution of a conjugate of daunomycin and a monoclonal antibody (791T/36) have been examined in mice, including nude mice with human tumour xenografts reactive with the antibody. For this the antibody moiety of the conjugate was labelled with 125I and the drug moiety assayed by radioimmunoassay. After radioiodination, the(More)
The structurally related neurokinin peptides, substance P and neurokinin A, are found in abundance within the substantia nigra of a variety of mammalian species. Although it has been established recently that the neurokinin-3 (NK3) receptor is the predominant neurokinin receptor found in rat substantia nigra and adjacent midbrain nuclei, the nature of the(More)
BACKGROUND Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) caused by Echinococcus multilocularis infections is a dangerous old disease in the Northern Hemisphere. The aim of the paper was to collect and analyze data on human AE in Poland in the last two decades. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The sources of data were both the cases officially registered and detected by an(More)
BACKGROUND African trypanosomiasis is a parasitic infection sporadically imported to Europe by tourists or immigrants returning from endemic areas. We present the first and an unusual case of East African trypanosomiasis imported to Poland by a patient returning from a tourist trip to Uganda and Rwanda, which was successfully treated with pentamidine. (More)
Recent epidemiological reports have shown an increasing risk of E. multilocularis infection among red foxes and humans in Poland. The aims of the study were: (i) to improve the early detection of alveolar echinococcosis (AE) in humans by implementation of clinical, imaging, immunodiagnostic, ultrastructural and molecular methods, (ii) to realize the(More)