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INTRODUCTION Timely diagnosis of invasive candidiasis (IC) remains difficult as the clinical presentation is not specific and blood cultures lack sensitivity and need a long incubation time. Thus, non-culture-based methods for diagnosing IC have been developed. Mannan antigen (Mn) and anti-mannan antibodies (A-Mn) are present in patients with IC. On behalf(More)
Invasive candidiasis (IC) is an important infection in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting given its association with poor clinical outcomes. The epidemiology of IC is complex and, although incompletely elucidated, is characterized by considerable regional and temporal variability. Overall, there appears to be an increase in the incidence of IC and a(More)
PURPOSE We compared the risk factors, the diagnostic tools and the outcome of filamentous fungal infections (FFIs) in hematological patients (HAEs) and non-hematological patients (non-HAEs). METHODS Prospective surveillance (2009-2011) of proven and probable FFIs was implemented in 23 Italian hospitals. RESULTS Out of 232 FFIs, 113 occurred in HAEs and(More)
Bacterial infections are major complications after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT). They consist mainly of bloodstream infections (BSI), followed by pneumonia and gastrointestinal infections, including typhlitis and Clostridium difficile infection. Microbiological data come mostly from BSI. Coagulase negative staphylococci and Enterobacteriaceae(More)
Mongolian gerbils are frequently used to study Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis and its consequences. The presence of some gastric microbiota with a suppressive effect on H. pylori suggests inhibitory gastric bacteria against H. pylori infection. The aim of the present study was to analyze the microbiota in the stomach of Mongolian gerbils with H.(More)
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