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Mutations in FOXP2 cause developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD), but only a few cases have been described. We characterize 13 patients with DVD--5 with hemizygous paternal deletions spanning the FOXP2 gene, 1 with a translocation interrupting FOXP2, and the remaining 7 with maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 7 (UPD7), who were also given a diagnosis of(More)
DNA sequence and annotation of the entire human chromosome 7, encompassing nearly 158 million nucleotides of DNA and 1917 gene structures, are presented. To generate a higher order description, additional structural features such as imprinted genes, fragile sites, and segmental duplications were integrated at the level of the DNA sequence with medical(More)
We report detailed clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular findings in a girl with a deletion of chromosome 7q31-q32. This child has a severe communication disorder with evidence of oromotor dyspraxia, dysmorphic features, and mild developmental delay. She is unable to cough, sneeze, or laugh spontaneously. Her deletion is on the paternally inherited(More)
Brain malformations are individually rare but collectively common causes of developmental disabilities. Many forms of malformation occur sporadically and are associated with reduced reproductive fitness, pointing to a causative role for de novo mutations. Here, we report a study of Baraitser-Winter syndrome, a well-defined disorder characterized by distinct(More)
OBJECTIVES We review our experience using mutation analysis of the DHCR7 gene for prenatal diagnosis of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS), an autosomal recessive disorder of endogenous cholesterol biosynthesis caused by deficiency of 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7). METHODS AND RESULTS Prenatal diagnosis of SLOS was conducted for 21 pregnancies(More)
BACKGROUND The chromosome 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome is a novel genomic disorder that has originally been identified using high resolution genome analyses in patients with unexplained mental retardation. AIM We report the molecular and/or clinical characterisation of 22 individuals with the 17q21.31 microdeletion syndrome. RESULTS We estimate the(More)
RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLOS) is an inborn error of metabolism with protean manifestations. Its exact incidence and prevalence are not known; however, the carrier rate for the most frequently occurring mutation, the null mutation IVS8-1G > C, is approximately 1 in 100 for the Caucasian population in North America (1%) and possibly as high as 1 in 50 to 1 in(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by reduced activity of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) reductase, resulting in a decreased level of cholesterol and increased concentrations of 7DHC and 8DHC in body fluids and tissues. Ten pregnancies at 25% risk of SLOS underwent prenatal testing. Diagnostic studies included DHCR7(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of cholesterol biosynthesis caused by mutations in the DHCR7 gene. Thirty-seven ethnic Polish patients with SLOS underwent mutation analysis. The mutation frequencies in Polish patients were significantly different from those observed in Western European populations. Two mutations, W151X(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of cholesterol biosynthesis caused by mutations in the DHCR7 gene. Previous studies estimated the prevalence of SLOS between 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 70,358 based on case frequency surveys. Although panethnic, SLOS appears to be most frequent in Central European populations (Czech Republic 1 in(More)