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In vitro results show the ability of the CB(1) receptor agonist CP 55,940 to reduce the affinity of D(2) receptor agonist binding sites in both the dorsal and ventral striatum including the nucleus accumbens shell. This antagonistic modulation of D(2) receptor agonist affinity was found to remain and even be enhanced after G-protein activation by Gpp(NH)p.(More)
In the present study we investigated the effects of the GABA(B) receptor antagonist (2S)-(+)-5,5-dimethyl-2-morpholineacetic acid (SCH 50911), the agonists baclofen and 3-aminopropyl(methyl)phosphinic acid (SKF 97541), and the allosteric positive modulator 3,5-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy-beta,beta-dimethylbenzenepropanol (CGP 7930) on cocaine seeking(More)
Cocaine is an alkaloid with psychostimulant action and high addictive potential. It possesses high affinity for the transporters of dopamine, serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline, and blocks reuptake of the above-mentioned monoamines. The present review summarized the contribution of 5-HT neurotransmitter system to rewarding and aversive properties of(More)
Recent data indicate that cocaine locomotor responses may be influenced by dopamine (DA) neurotransmission and adenosine neuromodulation involving the A2A receptor (A2AR). Male Wistar rats were injected with MSX-3 (1-25 mg/kg; an antagonist of A2AR), CGS 21680 (0.05-0.2 mg/kg; an agonist of A2AR), SCH 23390 (0.125-0.25 mg/kg; an antagonist of DA D1/5R),(More)
Drug addiction is a serious brain disorder with somatic, psychological, psychiatric, socio-economic and legal implications in the developed world. Illegal (e.g., psychostimulants, opioids, cannabinoids) and legal (alcohol, nicotine) drugs of abuse create a complex behavioral pattern composed of drug intake, withdrawal, seeking and relapse. One of the(More)
We examined the influence of CP 154,526, a selective antagonist of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)1 receptors, in the locomotor, sensitizing, discriminative stimulus and rewarding effects of cocaine, as well as on the cocaine-induced reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior in male Wistar rats. CP 154,526 in doses of 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg, which did not(More)
Preclinical investigations have demonstrated that drugs of abuse alter the levels of lipid-based signalling molecules, including endocannabinoids (eCBs) and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), in the rodent brain. In addition, several drugs targeting eCBs and/or NAEs are implicated in reward and/or seeking behaviours related to the stimulation of dopamine systems(More)
Preclinical evidence strongly implicates GABA(B) receptors in the pathophysiology of several psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the selective GABA(B) receptor agonists baclofen and SKF 97541, the GABA(B) receptor positive allosteric modulator CGP7930 and the GABA(B) receptor(More)
In human addicts and in animal models, chronic cocaine use leads to numerous alterations in glutamatergic transmission, including its receptors. The present study focused on metabotropic glutamatergic receptors type 5 (mGluR5) and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits (NMDAR: GluN1, GluN2A, GluN2B) proteins during cocaine self-administration and after(More)
A single serine point mutation (S374A) in the adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R) C-terminal tail reduces A(2A)R-D(2)R heteromerization and prevents its allosteric modulation of the dopamine D(2) receptor (D(2)R). By means of site directed mutagenesis of the A(2A)R and synthetic transmembrane (TM) α-helix peptides of the D(2)R we further explored the role of(More)