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Recent data indicate that cocaine locomotor responses may be influenced by dopamine (DA) neurotransmission and adenosine neuromodulation involving the A2A receptor (A2AR). Male Wistar rats were injected with MSX-3 (1-25 mg/kg; an antagonist of A2AR), CGS 21680 (0.05-0.2 mg/kg; an agonist of A2AR), SCH 23390 (0.125-0.25 mg/kg; an antagonist of DA D1/5R),(More)
In the present study we investigated the effects of the GABA(B) receptor antagonist (2S)-(+)-5,5-dimethyl-2-morpholineacetic acid (SCH 50911), the agonists baclofen and 3-aminopropyl(methyl)phosphinic acid (SKF 97541), and the allosteric positive modulator 3,5-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy-beta,beta-dimethylbenzenepropanol (CGP 7930) on cocaine seeking(More)
Preclinical evidence strongly implicates GABA(B) receptors in the pathophysiology of several psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression. In the present study, we investigated the effects of the selective GABA(B) receptor agonists baclofen and SKF 97541, the GABA(B) receptor positive allosteric modulator CGP7930 and the GABA(B) receptor(More)
Preclinical investigations have demonstrated that drugs of abuse alter the levels of lipid-based signalling molecules, including endocannabinoids (eCBs) and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), in the rodent brain. In addition, several drugs targeting eCBs and/or NAEs are implicated in reward and/or seeking behaviours related to the stimulation of dopamine systems(More)
Cocaine is an alkaloid with psychostimulant action and high addictive potential. It possesses high affinity for the transporters of dopamine, serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline, and blocks reuptake of the above-mentioned monoamines. The present review summarized the contribution of 5-HT neurotransmitter system to rewarding and aversive properties of(More)
In vitro results show the ability of the CB(1) receptor agonist CP 55,940 to reduce the affinity of D(2) receptor agonist binding sites in both the dorsal and ventral striatum including the nucleus accumbens shell. This antagonistic modulation of D(2) receptor agonist affinity was found to remain and even be enhanced after G-protein activation by Gpp(NH)p.(More)
Drug addiction is a serious brain disorder with somatic, psychological, psychiatric, socio-economic and legal implications in the developed world. Illegal (e.g., psychostimulants, opioids, cannabinoids) and legal (alcohol, nicotine) drugs of abuse create a complex behavioral pattern composed of drug intake, withdrawal, seeking and relapse. One of the(More)
In human addicts and in animal models, chronic cocaine use leads to numerous alterations in glutamatergic transmission, including its receptors. The present study focused on metabotropic glutamatergic receptors type 5 (mGluR5) and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits (NMDAR: GluN1, GluN2A, GluN2B) proteins during cocaine self-administration and after(More)
In the present study, we used in situ hybridization to examine the influence of acute or repeated cocaine administrations and withdrawal from repeated cocaine treatment on the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor trkB mRNAs in rat brain. Cocaine (10 mg/kg i.p.) injected acutely produced locomotor hyperactivation, while repeated(More)
The efficacy of 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1MeTIQ), a member of endogenous tetrahydroisoquinolines, in cocaine- and food-maintained responding in self-administration procedures under a fixed ratio 5 schedule of reinforcement as well as in cocaine and food seeking behaviors in male Wistar rats was examined. The effects of 1MeTIQ on cocaine(More)