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PURPOSE To assess the differences between the prevalence of risk factors in patients with age- related macular degeneration (AMD), with glaucoma and with both diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 255 patients, 156 F/99 M, in age 30 to 92 years, mean age 70.9 years. They were divided into 3 groups: AMD Group (83 patients, 46 F/37 M, mean age(More)
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases causing irreversible optic nerve damage. This review presents 4 elements of future glaucoma treatment strategies: baroprotection, vasoprotection, neuroprotection and gene therapy. New baroprotection includes compounds that alter the actin cytoskeleton (rho-kinase inhibitors, latrunculin, cytochalasin), new drugs that(More)
It is widely believed, that randomness exists in Nature. In fact such an assumption underlies many scientific theories and is embedded in the foundations of quantum mechanics. Assuming that this hypothesis is valid one can use natural phenomena, like radioactive decay, to generate random numbers. Today, computers are capable of generating the so-called(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this paper was to evaluate functional and anatomical results of intravitreal ranibizumab injections and the course of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treatment over a 12-month observation period. MATERIAL/METHODS In 25 patients with active dominantly classic exudative AMD, treatment was performed according to the(More)
OCT (opitcal coherence tomography), is a diagnostic method that enables the analysis of the retinal structures by means of high-resolution tomographic cross-sections of the retina. Whereas fluorescein and indocyanine angiography allow visualization of the retinal epithelium layer and chorioretinal vessels, OCT may help in diagnosing and monitoring the(More)
There are at least three avenues of investigation that support the theoretical value of vitrectomy for the treatment of DME, based on (1) vitrectomy with ILM peeling for the relief of traction on the macula, (2) vitrectomy to improve oxygenation of the macula leading to decreased vascular permeability with subsequent resolution or decrease in DME, and (3)(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this paper is to report the incidence of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tears in patients treated with ranibizumab for subfoveal fibrovascular retinal pigment epithelial detachment (FVPED) due to occult age-related macular degeneration (AMD). MATERIAL/METHODS Thirty patients were treated according to the following schedule:(More)
The key to identifying the type of diabetic maculopathy is determining the status of posterior vitreous adhesion. In the pathological state, the breakdown of the internal and external blood-retina barrier is evident, however the mechanism is usually complex. The common denominator for these disorders are Müller glial cells, which mediate in maintaining the(More)
PURPOSE Myopia is the second most frequent cause of CNV after AMD. Since the introduction verteporfin photodynamic therapy and anti-angiogenic drugs into clinical practice, major changes occurred in the treatment of subfoveal exudative maculopathy associated with myopia.The aim of the paper is to present the effect of intravitreal injections ranibizumab(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor - A (VEGF-A), is a major factor implicated in choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) and therefore a target for therapeutic agents in wet age related macular degeneration (AMD). Ranibiuzumab (Lucentis) blocks all active isoforms of VEGF-A and the products of their degradation. It penetrates through all layers of the retina in(More)