Małgorzata Chłopek

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BACKGROUND Thyroid cancer (TC) has one of the fastest increasing incidences worldwide and primarily involves papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The BRAF(V600E) mutation is the most common genetic alteration identified in PTC. There are few data concerning an association between the rising incidence of PTC and the increasing prevalence of BRAF-positive cases.(More)
Differentiated papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common cancer of the endocrine system. PTC has a very good prognosis and a high 5 year survival rate; however, some patients are unresponsive to treatment, and their diagnosis eventually results in death. Recent efforts have focused on searching for prognostic and predictive factors that may enable(More)
INTRODUCTION Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is regarded as the gold standard method for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, but it has its limitations. Additional methods that would improve sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of thyroid cancer (TC), especially in indeterminate lesions. Molecular tests seem to be such a tool. BRAF V600E mutation(More)
OBJECTIVE A dynamic risk stratification with modified initial estimated risk based on response to therapy and disease course is one of the crucial changes adopted recently by the American Thyroid Association (ATA). This approach focuses on an individualized risk-adapted approach to the management of differentiated thyroid cancer. The BRAF V600E mutation is(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal tumors usually driven by the mutational activation of receptor tyrosine kinases, KIT, or PDGFRA. Oncogenic activation of phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase (PI3K), a downstream effector in the KIT signaling pathway, has been identified in different types of cancer, with the PI3K 110α subunit encoded by(More)
Interleukin 15 is a pleiotropic cytokine of the four α helix bundle family. Binding to a heterotrimeric receptor complex, which consists of a unique, high affinity IL‑15Rα‑chain and IL-2/IL-15Rβ and IL‑2Rγ chains, IL‑15 activates signaling pathways leading to activation and proliferation of T and B cells, as well as natural killer cells. At the same time,(More)
Mutations in the cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) tumor suppressor gene are associated with multi-organ cancer susceptibility including cancers of the breast and prostate. A genetic association between thyroid and breast cancer has been suggested, however little is known about the determinants of this association. To characterize the association of(More)
Thyroid cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers of the endocrine system. There are no known genetic risk factors for non-medullary thyroid cancer, other than a small number of hereditary syndromes; however, approximately 5% of non-medullary thyroid cancer, designated familial non-medullary thyroid cancer, exhibits heritability. The p.G534E(More)
Signet ring stromal cell tumor (SRSCT) of the ovary is a very rare benign ovarian neoplasm. To date, no underlying genetic mechanism has been identified. In this study, 50 oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes were evaluated for mutations in a typical SRSCT using the next-generation DNA sequencing approach. An in-frame deletion of 30 nucleotides in the(More)
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