Maïwenn Olier

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A PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method was developed in order to screen a large number of strains for impaired adhesion to epithelial cells due to expression of truncated InlA. inlA polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP in order to correlate inlA PCR-RFLP profiles and production of truncated InlA. Thirty-seven Listeria monocytogenes(More)
Following consumption, stomach acidity is the first major barrier encountered by the food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Analysis of low pH sensitivity and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) acid resistance system of 14 isolates of L. monocytogenes carried asymptomatically by humans showed that levels of GAD activity were subjected to strain variation.(More)
Oral administration of the probiotic bacterium Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 improves chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, but the molecular basis for this therapeutic efficacy is unknown. E. coli Nissle 1917 harbors a cluster of genes coding for the biosynthesis of hybrid nonribosomal peptide-polyketide(s). This biosynthetic pathway confers the ability for(More)
Allelic exchange of the region coding for the C terminus of InlA between one epidemic (with an 80-kDa InlA) and one asymptomatic (with a 47-kDa InlA) carriage Listeria monocytogenes strain confirmed the need for this region for internalin entry in vitro. Interestingly, restoration of internalin A functionality did not result in full virulence in chicken(More)
Perinatal exposure to the food contaminant bisphenol A (BPA) in rats induces long lasting adverse effects on intestinal immune homeostasis. This study was aimed at examining the immune response to dietary antigens and the clearance of parasites in young rats at the end of perinatal exposure to a low dose of BPA. Female rats were fed with BPA [5 µg/kg of(More)
Two human faeces carriage isolates of Listeria monocytogenes (H1 and H2) were compared to reference strains (ScottA and LO28) with regard to their lethality in 14-day-old chick embryos, their haemolytic and phospholipase (phosphatidylcholine-phospholipase C and phosphatidylinositol-phospholipase C) activities and their invasiveness towards Caco-2 cells.(More)
Fourteen human carriage Listeria monocytogenes isolates were compared to sporadic and epidemic-associated human strains in order to ascertain the pathogenic behavior of these unrecognized asymptomatic strains. Experimental infection of 14-day-old chick embryos revealed that the majority of the carriage strains were attenuated for virulence. Of the 10(More)
In Escherichia coli, the biosynthetic pathways of several small iron-scavenging molecules known as siderophores (enterobactin, salmochelins and yersiniabactin) and of a genotoxin (colibactin) are known to require a 4'-phosphopantetheinyl transferase (PPTase). Only two PPTases have been clearly identified: EntD and ClbA. The gene coding for EntD is part of(More)
Sepsis is a life-threatening infection. Escherichia coli is the first known cause of bacteremia leading to sepsis. Lymphopenia was shown to predict bacteremia better than conventional markers of infection. The pks genomic island, which is harbored by extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) and encodes the genotoxin colibactin, is epidemiologically(More)
The neonatal gut is rapidly colonized by a newly dominant group of commensal Escherichia coli strains among which a large proportion produces a genotoxin called colibactin. In order to analyze the short- and long-term effects resulting from such evolution, we developed a rat model mimicking the natural transmission of E. coli from mothers to neonates.(More)