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Bacterial ingestion and killing by phagocytic cells are essential processes to protect the human body from infectious microorganisms. However, only few proteins implicated in intracellular bacterial killing have been identified to date. We used Dictyostelium discoideum, a phagocytic bacterial predator, to study intracellular killing. In a random genetic(More)
Sequence-based typing (SBT) is a powerful method based on the sequencing of seven genes of Legionella pneumophila isolates. SBT performed directly on clinical samples has been used only in a limited number of cases. In our study, its efficiency was tested with 63 legionellosis respiratory samples. Sixty-three clinical samples, which included 23 samples from(More)
Legionella pneumophila has become a paradigm for facultative intracellular pathogens that modulate biogenesis of their phagosomes into replicative niches. The ability to alter host cell biology and tailor it into a hospitable host for intracellular proliferation is at the crux of the mechanism of pathogenesis of Legionnaires' disease.
Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease. This bacterium is ubiquitous in aqueous environments and uses amoebae as an intracellular replicative niche. Real-time PCR has been developed for rapid detection of Legionella DNA in water samples. In addition to culturable bacteria, this method may also detect dead and viable but(More)
The Dot/Icm type IV secretion system of Legionella pneumophila is essential for evasion of endocytic fusion and for activation of caspase-3 during early stages of infection of macrophages, but the mechanisms of manipulating these host cell processes are not known. Here, we show that caspase-3 activation by L. pneumophila is independent of all the known(More)
We have shown previously that the five rib (release of intracellular bacteria) mutants of Legionella pneumophila are competent for intracellular replication but defective in pore formation-mediated cytolysis and egress from protozoan and mammalian cells. The rib phenotype results from a point mutation (deletion) DeltaG544 in icmT that is predicted to result(More)
In recent years, tremendous progress has been made in unraveling the elegant mechanisms by which intracellular pathogens invade host cells and establish intracellular infections. By contrast, our knowledge of the mechanisms of host cell cytolysis and the egress of intracellular pathogens is still in its infancy. Temporal pore-formation-mediated lysis of the(More)
Although the early stages of intracellular infection by Legionella pneumophila are well established at the ultrastructural level, a detailed ultrastructural analysis of late stages of intracellular replication has never been done. Here we show that the membrane of the L. pneumophila-containing phagosome (LCP) is intact for up to 8 h postinfection of(More)
Legionella pneumophila is an intracellular pathogen that modulates the biogenesis of its phagosome to evade endocytic vesicle traffic. The Legionella-containing phagosome (LCP) does not acquire any endocytic markers and is remodeled by the endoplasmic reticulum during early stages. Here we show that intracellular replication of L. pneumophila is inhibited(More)