Maëlle Molmeret

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The Dot/Icm type IV secretion system of Legionella pneumophila is essential for evasion of endocytic fusion and for activation of caspase-3 during early stages of infection of macrophages, but the mechanisms of manipulating these host cell processes are not known. Here, we show that caspase-3 activation by L. pneumophila is independent of all the known(More)
Bacterial ingestion and killing by phagocytic cells are essential processes to protect the human body from infectious microorganisms. However, only few proteins implicated in intracellular bacterial killing have been identified to date. We used Dictyostelium discoideum, a phagocytic bacterial predator, to study intracellular killing. In a random genetic(More)
Legionella pneumophila has become a paradigm for facultative intracellular pathogens that modulate biogenesis of their phagosomes into replicative niches. The ability to alter host cell biology and tailor it into a hospitable host for intracellular proliferation is at the crux of the mechanism of pathogenesis of Legionnaires' disease.
The ability of Legionella pneumophila to cause pneumonia is dependent on intracellular replication within alveolar macrophages. The Icm/Dot secretion apparatus is essential for the ability of L. pneumophila to evade endocytic fusion, to remodel the phagosome by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and to replicate intracellularly. Protozoan and macrophage(More)
Although the early stages of intracellular infection by Legionella pneumophila are well established at the ultrastructural level, a detailed ultrastructural analysis of late stages of intracellular replication has never been done. Here we show that the membrane of the L. pneumophila-containing phagosome (LCP) is intact for up to 8 h postinfection of(More)
We have shown previously that the five rib (release of intracellular bacteria) mutants of Legionella pneumophila are competent for intracellular replication but defective in pore formation-mediated cytolysis and egress from protozoan and mammalian cells. The rib phenotype results from a point mutation (deletion) DeltaG544 in icmT that is predicted to result(More)
In recent years, tremendous progress has been made in unraveling the elegant mechanisms by which intracellular pathogens invade host cells and establish intracellular infections. By contrast, our knowledge of the mechanisms of host cell cytolysis and the egress of intracellular pathogens is still in its infancy. Temporal pore-formation-mediated lysis of the(More)
During late stages of infection and prior to lysis of the infected macrophages or amoeba, the Legionella pneumophila-containing phagosome becomes disrupted, followed by bacterial escape into the host cell cytosol, where the last few rounds of bacterial proliferation occur prior to lysis of the plasma membrane. This coincides with growth transition into the(More)
The Legionella pneumophila-containing phagosome evades endocytic fusion and intercepts endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-to-Golgi vesicle traffic, which is believed to be mediated by the Dot/Icm type IV secretion system. Although phagosomes harboring dot/icm mutants are thought to mature through the endosomal-lysosomal pathway, colocalization studies with(More)