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A new interview schedule for the diagnosis and measurement of dementia in the elderly is described. The schedule named the Cambridge Mental Disorders of the Elderly Examination (CAMDEX), consists of three main sections: A structured clinical interview with the patient to obtain systematic information about the present state, past history and family history;(More)
In Alzheimer disease (AD) the microtubule-associated protein tau is redistributed exponentially into paired helical filaments (PHFs) forming neurofibrillary tangles, which correlate with pyramidal cell destruction and dementia. Amorphous neuronal deposits and PHFs in AD are characterized by aggregation through the repeat domain and C-terminal truncation at(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is largely due to cardiac fibroblast growth and increased synthesis of extracellular matrix. This study has investigated the contribution of the vasoactive hormone, angiotensin II, toward this hypertrophic process. We have demonstrated that cultures of adult rat cardiac fibroblasts express AT1 but not AT2 receptors for angiotensin II.(More)
UNLABELLED Increased airway smooth muscle (ASM) within the bronchial wall of asthmatic patients has been well documented and is likely to be the result of increased muscle proliferation. We have for the first time been able to culture ASM cells from asthmatic patients and to compare their proliferation rate with that of nonasthmatic patients. Asthmatic ASM(More)
To examine the possibility that senile dementia may be associated with a loss of noradrenergic neurons that innervate the cerebral cortex, we used a Quantimet 720 image analyzer to estimate the number of neurons in the nucleus locus ceruleus in elderly patients with the clinical diagnosis of senile dementia. In all but one case, the diagnosis was(More)
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor present in most cell types. Upon ligand binding, the GR is activated and translocates into the nucleus where it transmits the anti-inflammatory actions of glucocorticoids. Here, we describe the ligand-independent activation of GR by the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2-AR)(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent peptide growth factor specific for vascular endothelial cells, which promotes neovascularization and increases vascular permeability in vivo. Enhanced microvascular permeability and edema are common characteristics of inflammatory and neoplastic disorders. Two proinflammatory mediators,(More)
The antipsoriatic dimethylfumarate (DMF) has been anecdotically reported to reduce asthma symptoms and to improve quality of life of asthma patients. DMF decreases the expression of proinflammatory mediators by inhibiting the transcription factor NF-kappaB and might therefore be of interest for the therapy of inflammatory lung diseases. In this study, we(More)
Asthmatic airways are characterized by an increase in smooth muscle mass, due mainly to hyperplasia. Many studies suggest that extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1 and ERK2, respectively), one group of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily, play a key role in the signal transduction pathway leading to cell proliferation.(More)
A substantially enriched preparation of Alzheimer paired helical filaments (PHFs) has been used as a starting point for biochemical studies. Pronase treatment, which strips off adhering proteins, leaves a resistant core that is structurally intact. This has been used to raise a monoclonal antibody that decorates the filament core. The antibody has been used(More)