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The Common Land Model (CLM), which results from a 3-yr joint effort among seven land modeling groups, has been coupled with the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Climate Model (CCM3). Two 15-yr simulations of CCM3 coupled with CLM and the NCAR Land Surface Model (LSM), respectively, are used to document the relative impact of CLM(More)
[1] This paper compares seasonal and spatial variations of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) albedos with those from the Common Land Model (CLM) by land cover type. MODIS albedo data in the year 2001 were used to determine seasonal, spatial, and land cover dependence at 1 km resolution and to investigate the biases in CLM. Albedo(More)
Most evapotranspiration over land occurs through vegetation. The fraction of net radiation balanced by evapo-transpiration depends on stomatal controls. Stomates transpire water for the leaf to assimilate carbon, depending on the canopy carbon demand, and on root uptake, if it is limiting. Canopy carbon demand in turn depends on the balancing between(More)
[1] This paper compares by land cover type seasonal and spatial variations of MODIS leaf area index (LAI) and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation (0.4–0.7 mm) absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) from 2.5 years with those from the Common Land Model (CLM) and investigates possible reasons for notable differences. The FPAR value is mainly determined by(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate normal physiologic tremor in jaw movement as a factor that may influence chewing performance more directly than either muscle activity or jaw displacement. Chewing performance was defined in terms of the reduction in food particle size after 15 chewing strokes. Data on chewing particle size and electromyographic(More)
84 New insights into the microencapsulation properties of sodium caseinate and hydrolysed casein journal polymer science, part B: polymer physics 49 (6) (2011) 404 78. Free volume studies of interphases in model nanocomposites by positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy
Chewing performance can be defined in terms of the reduction in food particle size after 15 chewing strokes. In this study, the relationship between chewing performance and electromyographic activity was investigated to develop optimal values of electromyographic variables, based on their ability to predict chewing performance. Electrognathographic and(More)
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