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Since 1958, when the malaria eradication program officially started in Iran, great strides has been made in controlling the disease in most of the country. However, because of certain technical, operational and administrative problems, malaria is still highly prevalent in southeastern Iran, affecting 6% of the population. The situation of malaria in Iran(More)
A 2-site immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) was performed on the head and thorax of Anopheles culicifacies s.l. and An. pulcherrimus females, the 2 most common anopheline species in the District of Ghassreghand (Baluchistan, Iran), collected during the 2 peak malaria transmission seasons (May and September-October 1991). Positive IRMA results revealed the 2(More)
Studies were conducted on the ecology of Anopheles pulcherrimus over a period of 20 months in the village of Zeineddini, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran. The species was active throughout the year with 2 peaks of activity, April-May and August-September. Light traps captured the highest number of An. pulcherrimus females (65%) as compared(More)
  • M Zaim
  • 1987
The malaria eradication campaign in Iran, which started in 1958, has not been able to achieve its final goals. The technical, administrative, socio-economic and financial obstacles involved in this unfinished task are mentioned and the present status of malaria in the country is discussed. It is urged that eradication policy, presently used, be substituted(More)
Spinosad 12% suspension concentrate (SC) and 0.5% granular (G) formulations were tested against Culex quinquefasciatus immatures at 3 dosages--50, 100, and 150 mg active ingredient (AI)/m2--in cesspits, street drains, and disused wells in comparison with temephos 1% G at 1 part per million. The 2 formulations reduced the density of pupae of Cx.(More)
Polytene chromosome preparations of the ovarian nurse cells of Anopheles culicifacies females collected in 6 different parts of Baluchistan, Iran, during September-October 1987 and May-June 1988 revealed the existence of species A in this country. The chromosome arms are homosequential with those of species A of India. This report confirms the distribution(More)
Anopheles culicifacies (probably species A) is the main vector of malaria in Baluchistan, southeastern Iran. Adult mosquitoes were collected during 1990-92 by five methods of sampling: knock-down pyrethrum space-spray indoors, human and animal bait (18.00-05.00 hours), pit shelters and CDC light traps, yielding 62%, 3%, 6%, 4% and 25% of specimens,(More)
An investigation was carried out over a year in the village of Chelow, Hormozgan Province, southern Iran, to study the efficacy of CDC light traps for sampling malaria vectors. The CDC light traps were useful in determining the seasonal and habitat distribution of Anopheles stephensi and An. fluviatilis, the primary and secondary vectors of malaria, in(More)
In a study carried out in the Ghassreghand Division (Baluchistan, Iran) from March through November 1995, efficacy of cyfluthrin-impregnated bednets was compared to that of untreated nets, in relation to malaria control. Ten villages with a total population of 4,572 and 3 villages with a total population of 1,935 were used as treatment and control,(More)