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At the end of 2006 a country-based surveillance program on natalizumab therapy in multiple sclerosis was settled in Italy by a collaborative effort of the Italian Drug Agency (AIFA) and a group of experts and neurologists appointed by the National Society of Neurology (SIN). After 2 years, 1,818 patients are registered in the database. The majority of cases(More)
Six patients are described who developed a wide variety of neurological manifestations heralding systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which included epileptic seizures, stroke, peripheral polyradiculoneuro pathy similar to Guillain-Barré syndrome, transverse my elopathy and multifocal disorders with remitting course mimicking multiple sclerosis. The(More)
At the end of 2006, a pharmacovigilance program on natalizumab was settled by the Italian Pharmaceutical Agency, and on January 2007, multiple sclerosis patients poorly responding to the immunomodulating therapies or with an aggressive clinical form of disease from onset initiated to be registered and to receive the medication. On February 2010, almost(More)
Three years after the introduction of natalizumab (NA) therapy for the second line treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), Italian MS centers critically reviewed the scientific literature and their own clinical experience. Natalizumab was shown to be highly efficaciuos in the treatment of MS. However, the risk of progressive multifocal(More)
For more than a century neurogenic inflammation has been proposed to have a role in various human diseases. The present review will cover the conceptual steps of the itinerary that has led to the conclusion that neurogenic inflammation is important in migraine. Of particular relevance for the object of this article is the observation that(More)
Although it is still debated whether chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) plays a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) development, many patients underwent endovascular treatment (ET) of CCSVI. The objective of the study is to evaluate the outcome and safety of ET in Italian MS patients. Italian MS centers that are part of the Italian MS Study(More)
The only prevalence rate of myasthenia gravis (MG) so far estimated in Italy by an epidemiological study carried out in Pavia, North Italy, indicates a prevalence quite similar to that observed in other countries. The purpose of the survey was to verify the frequency of the disease in a geographically well-defined and previously surveyed community. On the(More)
Epidemiological studies on the distribution of multiple sclerosis (MS) conducted in the Mediterranean area in the last two decades have disclosed a significant increase in frequency of the disease, indicating caution when a latitude-related model of MS is accepted. Previous descriptive surveys in the province of Ferrara, northern Italy, carried out by our(More)
Incidence of neuroepithelial Primary Brain Tumors (nPBT) varies, ranging from 7.3 to 11.6 cases/100,000/year across Europe. We present incidence and survival of nPBT in the Emilia-Romagna region (ER), Italy. This study is the largest in Southern Europe. Specialists in neurosurgery, neurology, neuroradiology, oncology, radiotherapy, genetics, and pathology(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is often difficult to evaluate because of protean neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestations and lack of reliable diagnostic markers. In the reported study the role of single-photon emission tomography (SPET) with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HMPAO) in(More)