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The etiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is unknown but genetic factors seem to play a role in the disease pathogenesis. The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) gene, encoded at the TNF locus in the MHC class III region, is now known to be an important candidate gene in SLE, due to the proinflammatory activities of the TNFa. The objectives of this(More)
A study of 101 sera from 69 Malay, 14 Chinese and 18 Indian healthy adult Malaysians was undertaken to determine the frequency of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA), antismooth muscle antibodies (SMA) and antiparietal cell antibodies (APCA). There were 67 females and 34 males with a mean age of 31.7 years (+/-8.6). ANA was(More)
We studied the prevalence of antinuclear (ANA), anti-double stranded DNA (dsDNA), anti-Sm and anti-RNP antibodies in a group of 93 blood donors (age range: 18-58 years). Antinuclear and anti-ds DNA antibodies were detected by immunofluorescence (IF) using HEp2 cells and Crithidia luciliae as substrates, respectively, while anti-Sm and anti-RNP antibodies(More)
Autoantibodies have been known to be detected during pregnancy. The occurrence of autoantibodies during pregnancy was studied in a group of 146 healthy pregnant women from Jan-March 1995. Serum samples were tested for antinuclear (ANA), anti-ds DNA, anti-mitochondrial, anti-smooth muscle and anti-parietal cell antibodies employing the technique of indirect(More)
Many studies have shown an association between human leucocyte antigens (HLA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the various study populations. Although SLE is not an uncommon disease in the Malaysian Archipelago, and appears to affect all three major racial groups equally (i.e. Southern Chinese, Malays and Southern Indians), very little information(More)
Various previous studies have reported the implication of CYP11B2 gene polymorphism in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. In particular, the -344T/C polymorphism, which is located at a putative binding site for the steroidogenic transcription factor (SF-1) has been associated with essential hypertension, left ventricular dilation and coronary(More)
The frequency of the HLA class II antigens/alleles (HLA-DR, DQ and DP) were studied in 70 Malaysian Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to examine the contribution of these genes to disease susceptibility, their clinical expression and Immunological responses. This was done using modified PCR-RFLP technique. These samples were then(More)
Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease. The differential diagnosis of leptospirosis is difficult due to the varied and often "flu like" symptoms which may result in a missed or delayed diagnosis. Leptospira is the aetiological agent of leptospirosis, a bacterial zoonosis with worldwide distribution. There are over 230 known serovars in the genus(More)
An analysis of the clinical and serological features of 12 male and 122 female patients with SLE was done to determine whether sex related differences exist. We found a lower incidence of mucocutaneous symptoms and arthritis but an increased incidence of discoid lesions, pleuritis and pericarditis in males at disease onset. During the disease course, there(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies (McAb) were produced against soluble antigens of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 which was cultured on BCYE agar. The McAbs were all of the IgM isotype. The McAbs were used in the McAb-based ELISA for detection of circulating L. pneumophila antigens in 186 sera collected from patients with symptoms and signs suggestive of(More)