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In a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial, we compared topiramate (TPM) with placebo as add-on therapy in patients with refractory partial epilepsy. TPM was titrated either to the target dosage of 800 mg/ day [400 mg twice daily (b.i.d)] or to the maximal tolerated dose if lower. Twenty-eight (28) patients were randomized to each treatment group.(More)
To evaluate whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (RTMS) may be used for speech localization, we compared the results from RTMS with the intracarotid amobarbital test (IAT) in 21 patients undergoing surgical treatment (amygdalohippocampectomy or anterior temporal lobe resection) for medically intractable partial epilepsy. None of the patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To study fracture rates and risk factors for fractures in non-institutionalized patients with epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Historical follow-up. Self-administered questionnaires were issued to 755 patients with epilepsy (ICD 10: G40.0 to G40.9) and 1000 randomly selected controls from the background population. RESULTS A total of 345(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the diagnostic value of electroencephalography (EEG) in dogs with epilepsy, applying human criteria for EEG abnormalities observed with this disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-six dogs with a clinically established diagnosis of epilepsy were investigated with electroencephalography (EEG) in order to evaluate the diagnostic(More)
The parA partitioning system of plasmid R1 consists of three different components: the cis-acting centromere-like parC site, and the two trans-acting proteins ParM and ParR. These three components are contained within a region of 1.6 kb. The parC site is located upstream of the two genes, parM and parR, which are expressed as an operon from the parA(More)
PURPOSE We wished to evaluate adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures with topiramate (TPM) for efficacy and safety in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, parallel-group study. METHODS Sixty outpatients with epilepsy (47 men and 13 women, mean age 32.9 years) were studied. All had a documented history of partial-onset seizures with or(More)
99mTc-bicisate (ECD) was injected as a bolus into the internal carotid artery, and cerebral uptake and retention were recorded with fast-rotating single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) equipment in four patients suffering from temporal lobe epilepsy. Quantitative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured tomographically with the 133Xe(More)
The parA partitioning system of plasmid R1 mediates efficient stabilization of R1 and F-derived replicons. The parA system is encoded by a continuous DNA segment of approximately 1600 base-pairs and consists of three components. Two adjacent genes, parM and parR, coding for the trans-acting proteins ParM and ParR, and the cis-acting parC site. The(More)
The antiepileptic effect of gamma-vinyl gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an irreversible GABA-transaminase inhibitor, was investigated in an add-on, placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over, fixed-dose trial. Twenty-one patients suffering from difficult to control complex partial seizures participated; 18 patients completed the trial. Serum levels of(More)
The antiepileptic effect of lamotrigine (Lamictal) was assessed in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial in 56 adult patients with refractory partial seizures. Lamotrigine or placebo was added to the patients' existing antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The dose of lamotrigine varied from 75 to 400 mg daily. Thirty-eight patients completed the trial(More)