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OBJECTIVE To examine the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), and IL-1 beta in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), immediately after onset and during the phase of established arthritis. METHODS Male DBA/1 mice with collagen-induced arthritis were treated with antibodies against murine TNF alpha and IL-1(More)
Anti-TNF-alpha treatment of rheumatoid arthritis patients markedly suppresses inflammatory disease activity, but so far no tissue-protective effects have been reported. In contrast, blockade of IL-1 in rheumatoid arthritis patients, by an IL-1 receptor antagonist, was only moderately effective in suppressing inflammatory symptoms but appeared to reduce the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the role of endogenous interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) and the therapeutic effect of the addition of IL-4 and IL-10 in early and established murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS Murine recombinant IL-4, IL-10, or the combination was given intraperitoneally twice daily from the day of arthritis onset up to(More)
Inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. To validate a key role for IL-1 in arthritic processes we have studied the protective effect of neutralizing antimurine IL-1 antibodies in the murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. Combination of anti-IL-1 alpha and anti-IL-1 beta given before onset of(More)
Two distinct IL-18 neutralizing strategies, i.e. a rabbit polyclonal anti-mouse IL-18 IgG and a recombinant human IL-18 binding protein (rhIL-18BP), were used to treat collagen-induced-arthritic DBA/1 mice after clinical onset of disease. The therapeutic efficacy of neutralizing endogenous IL-18 was assessed using different pathological parameters of(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory joint disease, leading to cartilage and bone destruction. In this study, we investigated the effects of local IL-4 application, introduced by a recombinant human type 5 adenovirus vector, in the knee joint of mice with collagen-induced arthritis. One intraarticular injection with an IL-4-expressing virus caused(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of local human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (HuIL-1Ra) gene therapy in murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS DBA/1 mice were immunized against bovine type II collagen. Before the onset of arthritis, NIH/3T3 fibroblasts transfected with pMFG-IRAP were transplanted into the knee cavity. Normal NIH/3T3(More)
IL-12 can promote Th1 responses, and early administration of IL-12 during immunization was shown to enhance expression of autoimmune collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). We now studied the impact of IL-12 at the stage of disease expression and during established CIA in DBA-1 mice. Accelerated onset and enhanced severity were provoked when i.p. injections of(More)
We studied the effects of local IL-10 application, introduced by a recombinant human type 5 adenovirus vector, in the mouse knee joint during the early phase of CIA. One intra-articular injection with the IL-10-expressing virus (Ad5E1mIL-10) caused substantial over-expression of IL-10 in the mouse knee joint, using virus dosages which did not induce(More)
In this study two different aspects of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1 (IL-1) in locally induced murine streptococcal cell wall arthritis (SCW) were investigated. First, the kinetics and interdependence of TNF-alpha and IL-1 release; and second; their involvement in inflammation and cartilage destruction. Kinetic studies showed(More)