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The [Fe]-hydrogenase enzymes are highly efficient H(2) catalysts found in ecologically and phylogenetically diverse microorganisms, including the photosynthetic green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Although these enzymes can occur in several forms, H(2) catalysis takes place at a unique [FeS] prosthetic group or H-cluster, located at the active site.(More)
Isolated appressed chloroplast membranes, highly enriched in photosystem II (PSII) activity, were examined by freeze-etch electron microscopy. The exposed surfaces of these Triton X-100 solubilized membrane fragments correspond to the lumenal or ESs surface of intact stacked thylakoid membrane regions (Dunahay, T. G., L. A. Staehelin, M. Seibert, P. D.(More)
A “decoupling effect” (light-induced electron transport without O2 evolution) was observed in Ca-depleted photosystem II (PSII(-Ca)) membranes, which lack PsbP and PsbQ (Semin et al. (2008) Photosynth. Res., 98, 235–249). Here PsbO-depleted PSII (PSII(-PsbO)) membranes (which also lack PsbP and PsbQ) were used to examine effects of PsbO on the decoupling.(More)
The development of efficient biological systems for the direct photoproduction of H(2) gas from water faces several challenges, the more serious of which is the sensitivity of the H(2)-evolving enzymes (hydrogenases) to O(2), an obligatory by-product of photosynthesis. This high sensitivity is common to both FeFe and NiFe hydrogenases, and is caused by O(2)(More)
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