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Initiation of the T-helper lymphocyte activation program is regulated through the T-cell receptor (TCR) and costimulatory receptors. Analysis of TCR and either anti-CD28- or interleukin 1 (IL-1)-mediated activation of the IL-2 promoter shows that costimulatory signals augment promoter activity through NF-kappaB sites. This study comparatively evaluates the(More)
Immature double-positive (DP) thymocytes mature into CD4(+)CD8(-) cells in response to coengagement of TCR with any of a variety of cell surface "coinducer" receptors, including CD2. In contrast, DP thymocytes are signaled to undergo apoptosis by coengagement of TCR with CD28 costimulatory receptors, but the molecular basis for DP thymocyte apoptosis by TCR(More)
To identify which polymorphic residues determine the allospecific antibody binding sites on A beta polypeptides, mutant Ak beta genes were constructed encoding single or multiple amino acids of the d allele at 14 polymorphic positions in the beta 1 domain. Cell lines expressing these genes were analyzed by quantitative immunofluorescence using 16 mAbs(More)
In an effort to characterize the ligand that is bound by T helper lymphocyte antigen receptors, we have begun to identify class II polymorphic residues that comprise part of the allospecific TCR binding sites. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to construct mutant Ak beta (Ak beta*) genes that encode polypeptides into which single or multiple residues of(More)
Class 11 MHC molecules (Ia) are transmembrane glycoproteins that function as cell recognition structures during the initiation of an antigen-specific immune response (1). T lymphocytes of the helper-inducer lineage (Th cells) express receptors that recognize foreign antigens in association with the la glycoproteins. The binding of this complex ligand to the(More)
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