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Earth's magnetosphere during substorms exhibits a number of characteristic features such as the signatures of low effective dimension, hysteresis, and power-law spectra of fluctuations on different scales. The largest substorm phenomena are in reasonable agreement with low-dimensional magnetospheric models and in particular those of inverse bifurcation.(More)
The behavior of substorms as sudden transitions of the magnetosphere is studied using the Bargatze et al. [1985] data set of the solar wind induced electric field vB• and the auroral electrojet index AL. The data set is divided into three subsets representing different levels of activity, and they are studied using the singular spectrum analysis. The points(More)
[1] The magnetospheric dynamics consists of global and multiscale components. The local-linear filters (LLFs) relating the solar wind input and the magnetospheric output have been used earlier to predict the global dynamical behavior. In this paper, the relative role of global and multiscale processes in the prediction of magnetospheric dynamics is studied.(More)
[1] The Earth’s magnetosphere is a spatially extended nonlinear system driven far from equilibrium by the turbulent solar wind. During substorms it exhibits both global and multi-scale features which reconciliation has been a long standing issue. This paper presents a data-derived model of the solar wind-magnetosphere coupling that combines a nonlinear(More)
The solar wind-magnetosphere coupling during substorms exhibits dynamical features in a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. The goal of our work is to combine the global and multi-scale description of magnetospheric dynamics in a unified data-derived model. For this purpose we use deterministic methods of nonlinear dynamics, together with a(More)
Structured features on top of nominally smooth distributions of radiation-belt particles at Earth have been previously associated with particle acceleration and transport mechanisms powered exclusively by enhanced solar-wind activity. Although planetary rotation is considered to be important for particle acceleration at Jupiter and Saturn, the electric(More)
[1] A simple self-consistent model is proposed, which describes properties of the tail current sheet after the formation of a small plasmoid on the closed field lines in the magnetotail and its quick tailward retreat. Using a theory of forced magnetic reconnection, it is shown that the flux tube that contained a plasmoid becomes a plasma bubble, with the(More)
[1] A generalization of the Harris [1962] model has recently been proposed to explain the multi-spacecraft Cluster observations of thin bifurcated current sheets. It utilizes features of the ion motion in thin sheets and assumes anisotropy of the ion species. We report the results of 2D PIC simulations based on this model. Simulations confirm its(More)
[1] In this paper we present a data-derived model of relativistic electron flux at geosynchronous orbit. The model is driven by multiple solar wind and magnetospheric inputs and combines the deterministic approach of nonlinear dynamics with conditional probability consideration. The model is used for one-day predictions of daily flux maxima for the years(More)