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Although repeated sprint tests are relatively common, there have been few investigations of repeated sprint exercise using non-motorised treadmill ergometry. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of a repeated sprint procedure using this apparatus. Ten healthy, active males, performed three repeated sprint tests (six repetitions of 6 s(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare lung volumes in a large cross sectional sample of Greek swimmers, land based athletes, and sedentary controls by means of allometric scaling. METHODS Four hundred and fifty nine asymptomatic Greek children and young adults (age 10-21 years), including 159 swimmers, 130 land based athletes, and 170 sedentary controls, performed forced(More)
The present study examined the impact of two exercise protocols on the attainment of peak physiological responses during arm crank ergometry (ACE). Fourteen physically active, although non-specifically trained male subjects completed two V.O (2) peak tests using an electrically braked arm ergometer (Lode Angio, Groningen, Netherlands). The tests consisted(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to determine the frequency, nature, and impact of side effects associated with the use of brinzolamide-timolol suspension, a topical ocular antihypertensive preparation. METHODS A questionnaire was distributed to 76 consecutive patients attending the Sunderland Eye Infirmary Glaucoma Service who were using the(More)
Ultrasound imaging allows detection of pathologic change in muscle on the basis of increased strength of echoes. With current commercial equipment, however, there is no method of quantitation of the echoes representing muscle, and there is lack of uniformity in scanning methodology. We describe a specially constructed scanning system, designed to access the(More)
Most fitness assessments either use a constant load to exhaustion (exercise capacity test) or an "all-out" effort (performance test). The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of a high-intensity assessment that combined a constant load element with a performance test. Ten moderately trained male cyclists completed a ramp test to voluntary(More)
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