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The soft rot Enterobacteriaceae (SRE) Pectobacterium and Dickeya species (formerly classified as pectinolytic Erwinia spp.) cause important diseases on potato and other arable and horticultural crops. They may affect the growing potato plant causing blackleg and are responsible for tuber soft rot in storage thereby reducing yield and quality. Efficient and(More)
The blackleg pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) causes an economically important disease of potatoes. We selected a genetically amenable Eca strain for the genetic analysis of virulence. Tn5 mutagenesis was used to generate nine mutants which exhibited reduced virulence (Rvi-) of strain SCRI1043. Following physiological characterisation,(More)
A number of phenotypic and molecular fingerprinting techniques, including physiological profiling (Biolog), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) and a phage typing system, were evaluated for their ability to differentiate between 60 strains of Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica (Eca) from(More)
Immunomagnetic separation (IMS) procedures for the selective separation of Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica from potato peel extract were optimized for the recovery of target and removal of non-target bacteria. A streptomycin-resistant strain of Erw. carotovora subsp. atroseptica was used in combination with a crystal violet pectate (CVP) medium(More)
Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica was mutagenized and assayed for virulence in planta. Those mutants which exhibited reduced virulence (Rvi-) were assayed for growth rate, auxotrophy and extracellular enzyme secretion and seven mutants were found to be wild type for all of these phenotypes. When screened for other phenotypes, two were found to be(More)
Spontaneous bacteriophage-resistant mutants of the phytopathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) SCRI1043 were isolated and, out of 40, two were found to exhibit reduced virulence in planta. One of these mutants, A5/22, showed multiple cell surface defects including alterations in synthesis of outer membrane proteins, lipopolysaccharide (LPS),(More)
We used a modified version of the method of Hanahan (D. Hanahan, J. Mol. Biol. 166:557-580, 1983) to transform Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora and E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica with the plasmids pBR322, pBR325, and pAT153. The transformation frequency ranged from 1 X 10(2) to 4 X 10(4) colonies per micrograms of plasmid DNA. The nature of these(More)
Conjugational gene transfer was established in Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora SCRI193 by using plasmid R68::Mu c+ to mobilize the chromosome into multiply mutant recipients. It was observed that although the plasmid alone mobilized markers randomly at a frequency of ca. 10(-5) chromosomal recombinants per donor, the presence of a Mu prophage on the(More)