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The aim of the present study was to investigate in vivo cortical excitability in the human brain. We studied 45 consecutive patients with refractory epilepsy in whom subdural or intracerebral electrodes were implanted for assessment prior to epilepsy surgery. We compared cortical responses to single pulse stimulation (up to 8 mA, 1 ms duration) in areas(More)
Visual fields were mapped with kinetic are perimetry in 23 migraine with aura subjects and, for comparison, in 20 migraine without aura subjects and in 21 non-headache controls. Central vision on the Amsler eye chart and visual perception threshold on a computer task were also investigated. Measures were obtained at least seven days after an episode of(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) typing and quantitation by polymerase chain reaction was performed on exfoliated cells from 133 women referred for colposcopy because of an abnormal smear. High levels of HPV 16 correctly predicted cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade II-III in 93% of its occurrences, but only 59% of cases of CIN III were associated with(More)
Controversy regarding the nosological position of the syndrome of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia (Miller Fisher syndrome) exists. The oculomotor dysfunction was presumed to represent an unusually symmetrical peripheral cranial nerve dysfunction. To investigate the neuro-ophthalmic manifestations in this rare syndrome we reviewed 109 reports(More)
Using electroretinogram recordings, the response of Lutzomyia longipalpis sandfly eyes to a range of wavelengths of light was measured, and spectral sensitivity determined. The eyes of both male and female adult sandflies were found to respond maximally to light in the ultraviolet region (at 340 nm) with a secondary peak in the blue-green-yellow region at(More)
Smoking is a known aetiological risk factor for cervical cancer. Smoking-related DNA damage (DNA adducts), in cervical epithelial cells, has recently been demonstrated to suggest a causal role in the development of cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV 16) is a known oncogenic virus and is also implicated as a cause of cervical cancer. It has been(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI is more sensitive than CT, but the significance of brain abnormalities seen on MR images obtained in older subjects with transient ischemic attack (TIA) is not clear. We studied the prevalence and risk factors associated with MRI-demonstrated infarcts in elderly subjects with a history of TIA. METHODS Participants of the(More)
The case is described of a man who developed attacks of cataplexy, narcolepsy, and sleep paralysis because of microglioma which infiltrated the walls and floor of the IIIrd ventricle and the upper brain stem. The mechanisms by which the pathology is related to the symptoms are discussed.