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Leadership, followership, and evolution: some lessons from the past.
This article analyzes the topic of leadership from an evolutionary perspective and proposes three conclusions that are not part of mainstream theory that might explain the alienation and frustration of many citizens and employees.
Evolutionary Origins of Leadership and Followership
- M. van vugt
- PsychologyPersonality and social psychology review : an…
- 1 November 2006
This article uses the vast psychological literature on leadership as a database to test several evolutionary hypotheses about the origins of leadership and followership in humans, and finds no link between leadership and dominance.
Social identity as social glue: the origins of group loyalty.
The results suggest that high identifiers' group loyalty is better explained by an extremely positive impression of their group membership (group perception) than by a justification of previous investments in the group (self-perception) or their adherence to a nonabandonment norm (norm perception).
Cooperation for reputation: Wasteful contributions as costly signals in public goods
Why do people persistently contribute to public goods and does it matter to them if their donation makes a difference? A costly signalling perspective suggests that donors might be more concerned…
Exit, voice and loyalty: Analytic and empirical developments
This paper seeks to reconstruct and revitalize the famousHirschman framework by providing a comprehensivereview of the current use of `exit, voice and loyalty'. Webegin by critically examining…
The Many Faces of Leadership
Many psychological studies have shown that facial appearance matters in the people we select as leaders. An evolutionary-psychology approach suggests that facial cues serve as inputs into an…
Sex differences in cooperation: a meta-analytic review of social dilemmas.
- D. Balliet, Norman P. Li, S. Macfarlan, M. van vugt
- Psychology, BiologyPsychological bulletin
- 1 November 2011
Predictions from both sociocultural and evolutionary perspectives on context-specific sex differences in cooperation are derived, and a unique meta-analytic study of 272 effect sizes-sampled across 50 years of research-on social dilemmas is conducted to examine several potential moderators.
Sex Differences in the Emergence of Leadership During Competitions Within and Between Groups
Findings suggest that particular group threats elicit specific gender-biased leader prototypes, and speculate about the evolutionary and cultural origins of these sex differences in the emergence of leadership.
Men behaving nicely: public goods as peacock tails.
It was found that men contributed more in the presence of an opposite sex audience, but there was no parallel effect for the women, and men's public good contributions went up as they rated the female observer more attractive.
Nice Guys Finish First: The Competitive Altruism Hypothesis
The results of three experimental studies support the premise at the heart of competitive altruism: Individuals may behave altruistically for reputation reasons because selective benefits (associated with status) accrue to the generous.