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Verbal and nonverbal communication of deception
Publisher Summary Lying and lie detection are the two components that, together, make up the exchange called as the “communication of deception.” Deception is an act that is intended to foster in
Attribution of success and failure revisited, or: The motivational bias is alive and well in attribution theory
Do causal attributions serve the need to protect and / or enhance self-esteem? In a recent review, Miller and Ross (1975) proposed that there is evidence for self-serving effect in the attribution of
What sounds beautiful is good: The vocal attractiveness stereotype
Two studies examined the effects of attractiveness of voice and physical appearance on impressions of personality. Subject-senders were videotaped as they read a standard-content text (Study 1) or
On the Importance of Self-Determination for Intrinsically-Motivated Behavior
Yoked pairs of subjects solved puzzles such that one member of each pair was given choice about what puzzles to work on and how much time to allot to each, while the yoked subject was assigned the
The COPE revised: Proposing a 5-factor model of coping strategies
Abstract The COPE ( Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub, 1989 ), an inventory of coping strategies, was revised by modifying one of its subscales and adding seven new ones. Factor analysis of the new
The Relation Between Intelligence and Religiosity
A meta-analysis of 63 studies showed a significant negative association between intelligence and religiosity. The association was stronger for college students and the general population than for
A Nondefensive Personality: Autonomy and Control as Moderators of Defensive Coping and Self-Handicapping
Abstract Previous work (Knee & Zuckerman, 1996) found that the combination of high autonomy and low control was associated with fewer self-enhancing attributions after success and fewer
Consequences of self-handicapping: effects on coping, academic performance, and adjustment.
It was found that, compared to low self-handicappers, high self- handicappers reported higher usage of coping strategies implying withdrawal and negative focus, which is consistent with the idea of a vicious cycle in which self- Handicapping and poor adjustment reinforce one another.
Causality orientations, failure, and achievement.
The results suggested that autonomous individuals respond to failure in a mastery-oriented fashion, whereas impersonal individuals respond in a helpless manner.
Attributional Focus of Praise and Children's Intrinsic Motivation
The present experiment was designed to examine whether children's gender would moderate the effects of ability-focused versus effort-focused praise on their performance, perceived competence, and