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A terrestrial planet candidate in a temperate orbit around Proxima Centauri
Observations reveal the presence of a small planet with a minimum mass of about 1.3 Earth masses orbiting Proxima with a period of approximately 11.2 days at a semi-major-axis distance of around 0.05 astronomical units. Expand
The generalised Lomb-Scargle periodogram. A new formalism for the floating-mean and Keplerian periodograms
The Lomb-Scargle periodogram is a common tool in the frequency analysis of unequally spaced data equivalent to least-squares fitting of sine waves. We give an analytic solution for the generalisationExpand
The M dwarf planet search programme at the ESO VLT + UVES. A search for terrestrial planets in the h
We present radial velocity (RV) measurements of our sample of 40 M dwarfs from our planet search programme with VLT+UVES begun in 2000. Although with our RV precision down to 2–2.5 m/s and timebaseExpand
Spectrum radial velocity analyser (SERVAL). High-precision radial velocities and two alternative spectral indicators
Context: The CARMENES survey is a high-precision radial velocity (RV) programme that aims to detect Earth-like planets orbiting low-mass stars. Aims: We develop least-squares fitting algorithms toExpand
CARMENES instrument overview
This paper gives an overview of the CARMENES instrument and of the survey that will be carried out with it during the first years of operation. CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for MExpand
Two planets around Kapteyn's star: a cold and a temperate super-Earth orbiting the nearest halo red dwarf
Exoplanets of a few Earth masses can be now detected around nearby low-mass stars using Doppler spectroscopy. In this paper, we investigate the radial velocity variations of Kapteyn's star, which isExpand
Detection of He I λ 10830 A absorption on HD 189733 b with CARMENES high-resolution transmission spectroscopy
We present three transit observations of HD 189733 b obtained with the high-resolution spectrograph CARMENES at Calar Alto. A strong absorption signal is detected in the near-infrared He I triplet atExpand
An independent planet search in the Kepler dataset - II. An extremely low-density super-Earth mass planet around Kepler-87
Context. The primary goal of the Kepler mission is the measurement of the frequency of Earth-like planets around Sun-like stars. However, the confirmation of the smallest of Kepler’s candidates inExpand
The planet search programme at the ESO CES and HARPS - IV. The search for Jupiter analogues around solar-like stars
Context. In 1992 we began a precision radial velocity survey for planets around solar-like stars with the Coude Echelle Spectrograph and the Long Camera (CES LC) at the 1.4m telescope in La SillaExpand
Calibrating echelle spectrographs with Fabry-Perot etalons
Over the past decades hollow-cathode lamps have been calibration standards for spectroscopic measurements. Advancing to cm/s radial velocity precisions with the next generation of instrumentsExpand