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Prenatal Phenol and Phthalate Exposures and Birth Outcomes
BACKGROUND Many phthalates and phenols are hormonally active and are suspected to alter the course of development. OBJECTIVE We investigated prenatal exposures to phthalate and phenol metabolitesExpand
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The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care units in Europe. Results of the European Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care (EPIC) Study. EPIC International Advisory Committee.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired infections and the risk factors for these infections, identify the predominant infecting organisms, and evaluate theExpand
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Prenatal Exposure to Organophosphates, Paraoxonase 1, and Cognitive Development in Childhood
Background: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate pesticides has been shown to negatively affect child neurobehavioral development. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a key enzyme in the metabolism ofExpand
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In utero pesticide exposure, maternal paraoxonase activity, and head circumference.
Although the use of pesticides in inner-city homes of the United States is of considerable magnitude, little is known about the potentially adverse health effects of such exposure. Recent animal dataExpand
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Pilot Study of Urinary Biomarkers of Phytoestrogens, Phthalates, and Phenols in Girls
Background Hormonally active environmental agents have been measured among U.S. children using exposure biomarkers in urine. However, little is known about their variation by race, age, sex, andExpand
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DDT and Breast Cancer in Young Women: New Data on the Significance of Age at Exposure
Background Previous studies of DDT and breast cancer assessed exposure later in life when the breast may not have been vulnerable, after most DDT had been eliminated, and after DDT had been banned.Expand
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Prenatal organophosphate metabolite and organochlorine levels and performance on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale in a multiethnic pregnancy cohort.
Prenatal exposures to organophosphate pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls have been associated with abnormal neonatal behavior and/or primitive reflexes. In 1998-2002, the Mount Sinai Children'sExpand
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Prenatal Phthalate Exposure Is Associated with Childhood Behavior and Executive Functioning
Background Experimental and observational studies have reported biological consequences of phthalate exposure relevant to neurodevelopment. Objective Our goal was to examine the association ofExpand
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Prenatal Exposure to Environmental Phenols: Concentrations in Amniotic Fluid and Variability in Urinary Concentrations during Pregnancy
Background: Maternal urinary biomarkers are often used to assess fetal exposure to phenols and their precursors. Their effectiveness as a measure of exposure in epidemiological studies depends onExpand
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Prenatal Pesticide and PCB Exposures and Birth Outcomes
Evidence is inconsistent or poorly understood for links between polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 1,1′-dichloro-2,2′-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE), and organophosphate (OP) pesticides and adverseExpand
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