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The Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation Benchmark (BRATS)
TLDR
The set-up and results of the Multimodal Brain Tumor Image Segmentation Benchmark (BRATS) organized in conjunction with the MICCAI 2012 and 2013 conferences are reported, finding that different algorithms worked best for different sub-regions, but that no single algorithm ranked in the top for all sub-Regions simultaneously.
Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association
TLDR
These guidelines supersede the prior 2007 guidelines and 2009 updates and support the overarching concept of stroke systems of care and detail aspects of stroke care from patient recognition; emergency medical services activation, transport, and triage; through the initial hours in the emergency department and stroke unit.
A trial of imaging selection and endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke.
TLDR
A favorable penumbral pattern on neuroimaging did not identify patients who would differentially benefit from endovascular therapy for acute ischemic stroke, nor was embolectomy shown to be superior to standard care.
Perfusion-CT Assessment of Infarct Core and Penumbra: Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Analysis in 130 Patients Suspected of Acute Hemispheric Stroke
TLDR
In a large series of 130 patients, the optimal approach to define the infarct and the penumbra is a combined approach using 2 PCT parameters: relative MTT and absolute CBV, with dedicated thresholds.
A pilot study of focused ultrasound thalamotomy for essential tremor.
TLDR
In this pilot study, essential tremor improved in 15 patients treated with MRI-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy, and large, randomized, controlled trials will be required to assess the procedure's efficacy and safety.
Prognostic accuracy of cerebral blood flow measurement by perfusion computed tomography, at the time of emergency room admission, in acute stroke patients
TLDR
It is concluded that perfusion CT allows the accurate prediction of the final infarct size and the evaluation of clinical prognosis for acute stroke patients at the time of emergency evaluation and may also provide information about the extent of the penumbra.
Focal lesions in acute mild traumatic brain injury and neurocognitive outcome: CT versus 3T MRI.
TLDR
3T MR detected parenchymal lesions in 75% of this mTBI cohort with loss of consciousness and post-traumatic amnesia, a much higher rate than CT; however, the CT and 3T MR imaging findings did not account for cognitive impairment, suggesting that newer imaging techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging are needed to provide biomarkers for neurocognitive and functional outcome inmTBI.
Perfusion MRI: the five most frequently asked technical questions.
OBJECTIVE This and its companion article address the 10 most frequently asked questions that radiologists face when planning, performing, processing, and interpreting different MR perfusion studies
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