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Global dimming and brightening: A review
  • M. Wild
  • Environmental Science
  • 27 May 2009
[1] There is increasing evidence that the amount of solar radiation incident at the Earth's surface is not stable over the years but undergoes significant decadal variations. Here I review theExpand
Atmospheric brown clouds: impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle.
An ensemble of coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations from 1930 to 2000 suggest that absorbing aerosols in atmospheric brown clouds may have played a major role in the observed regional climate and hydrological cycle changes and have masked as much as 50% of the surface warming due to the global increase in greenhouse gases. Expand
Baseline surface radiation network (BSRN/WCRP) New precision radiometry for climate research
To support climate research, the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) initiated a new radiometric network, the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN). The network aims at providing validationExpand
From Dimming to Brightening: Decadal Changes in Solar Radiation at Earth's Surface
Newly available surface observations from 1990 to the present, primarily from the Northern Hemisphere, show that the dimming at land surfaces did not persist into the 1990s, and instead, a widespread brightening has been observed since the late 1980s. Expand
An update on Earth's energy balance in light of the latest global observations
Climate change is governed by changes to the global energy balance. A synthesis of the latest observations suggests that more longwave radiation is received at the Earth's surface than previouslyExpand
The global energy balance from a surface perspective
In the framework of the global energy balance, the radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accurately quantified from new satellite missions. Much less is known about theExpand
Impact of changes in diffuse radiation on the global land carbon sink
It is estimated that variations in diffuse fraction, associated largely with the ‘global dimming’ period, enhanced the land carbon sink by approximately one-quarter between 1960 and 1999, however, under a climate mitigation scenario for the twenty-first century in which sulphate aerosols decline before atmospheric CO2 is stabilized, this ‘diffuse-radiation’ fertilization effect declines rapidly to near zero by the end of the twentieth century. Expand
Regional Climate Information—Evaluation and Projections
Contributing Authors R. Arritt, B. Bates, R. Benestad, G. Boer, A. Buishand, M. Castro, D. Chen, W. Cramer, R. Crane, J. F. Crossley, M. Dehn, K. Dethloff, J. Dippner, S. Emori, R. Francisco, J.Expand
Enlightening Global Dimming and Brightening
A fundamental determinant of climate and life on our planet is the solar radiation (sunlight) incident at the Earth's surface. Any change in this precious energy source affects our habitatsExpand